Understand Safeguarding of Children and Young People Essay

1. Understand the policies, procedures and practises for safe working with children and young people

1.1 Explain the policies, procedures and practises for safe working with children and young people

A policy is a statement of what an organisation will do to safeguard a child or young person to keep them safe. A procedure will describe the actions the organisation will take to put the actions into place. A practise is generally written methods outlining who will perform a task with minimum risk.

Every organisation whom supports children and young people in any capacity should have a policy on “child protection” or “safeguarding” which will help in protecting children and young people from harm and abuse. With this should also be a procedure which will enable staff, workers, volunteers and children and young people and their representatives to know what do if they are worried. It will also underpin what is expected of the individual in relation to recognising and reporting concerns.

In England, the law states that children are to be kept safe by the individuals who work with them. This legislation is covered in The Childrens Act 1989 & 2004, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Working Together to Safeguard Children 2013 document by the Department of Health and The Children’s and Young Persons Act 1933.

There is also as part of the five outcomes every child matters, staying safe

This includes:

Safe from maltreatment, neglect, violence and sexual exploitation

Safe from accidental injury and death

Safe from bullying and discrimination

Safe from crime and anti-social behaviour in and out of school

Have security, stability and are well cared for

In terms of keeping children safe within my service, we asked all visitors to sign themselves and their children into the home, we ask children to stay with their adult representative’s at all times and do not go into bedrooms and stay in the communal areas. All concerns are reported to the manager or senior member of staff, if the manager is unavailable. The service does not allow groups of young children to visit unless prior arrangements have been made, for example,for attendance at a birthday party.

2. Understand how to respond to evidence or concerns that a child or young person has been abused or harmed

2.1 Describe possible signs, symptoms, indicators and behaviours that may cause concern in the context of safeguarding Emotional or psychological abuse: coercion, humiliation, intimidation. Where one person uses emotional or psychological manipulation to compel another to do something they do not want, or is not in their best interests; or when one person manipulates another’s emotional or psychological state for their own ends Emotional abuse can be difficult to observe when it is perpetrated in the privacy of someone else’s home, or in a closed institution. However, personal awareness and understanding of the issue is key to recognising it. The following is a list of possible indicators of emotional abuse:


Low self-esteemSevere anxiety,

Fearfulness,Failure to thrive in infancy,

Aggression,Emotional instability,

Sleep disturbances,Physical complaints with no

medical basis,

Inappropriate behaviour for age or development,

Overly passive/compliant,Suicide attempts or discussion,

Extreme dependence,Underachievement,

Inability to trust,Stealing,

Other forms of abuse present or suspected,

Feelings of shame and guilt,Frequent crying,

Self-blame or self-deprecation,

Delay or refusal of medical treatment,

Discomfort or nervousness around career or relative,

Substance abuse,Avoidance of eye contact

Institutional / Organised abuse: is ‘abuse involving one or more abuser and a number of related or non-related young people. The abusers concerned may be acting in concert to abuse children, or may be using an institutional framework or position of authority to recruit children for abuse’. Allegations concerning organised abuse may also relate to historical events involving victims who are now adults. Some organised groups may use bizarre or ritualised behaviour, sometimes associated with particular belief systems.

Read also  Protecting Your Patients from Harm

Neglect is the failure of caregivers to fulfil their responsibilities to provide needed care. Neglect can be hard to recognise as it is often a gradual process, the effects of serious neglect can be very damaging for children. A child suffering from neglect may: Be regularly hungry and steal food from others

Be underweight

Be dressed in unsuitable clothes for the weather; be unkempt, dirty or smelly

Not receive treatment for ill health or injuries.

A child experiencing neglect may:

Be tired all the time

Have few friends and miss a lot of school

Miss hospital and medical appointments

Be left alone at home, sometimes caring for other children

Be found wandering alone and unsupervised

“Active” neglect refers to behaviour that is wilful – that is, the caregiver intentionally withholds care or necessities. The neglect may be motivated by financial gain (e.g. the caregiver stands to inherit) or reflect interpersonal conflicts “Passive” neglect refers to situations in which the caregiver is unable to fulfil his or her care giving responsibilities as a result of illness, disability, stress, ignorance, lack of maturity, or lack of resources.

Self-neglect refers to situations in which there is no perpetrator and neglect is the result of the person refusing care. Self-neglect is often associated with mental health problems, including substance abuse, dementia, and depression.

What are the indicators?

Indicators are signs or clues that neglect has occurred. Indicators of neglect include the condition of the person’s home (environmental indicators), physical signs of poor care, and behavioural characteristics of the caregiver and/or person. Some of the indicators listed below may not signal neglect but rather reflect lifestyle choices, lack of resources, or mental health problems, etc. One should look for patterns or clusters of indicators that suggest a problem.

Signs of neglect observed in the home

Absence of necessities including food, water, heat

Inadequate living environment evidenced by lack of utilities, sufficient space, and ventilation

Animal or insect infestations

Signs of medication mismanagement, including empty or unmarked bottles or outdated prescriptions

Housing is unsafe as a result of disrepair, faulty wiring, inadequate sanitation, substandard cleanliness, or architectural barriers

2.2 Describe the actions to take if a child or young person alleges harm or abuse in line with policies and procedures of own setting All concerns should be reported to the manager, either in person or on the telephone.

The manager will then:

Listen to the child and respect their point of view and offer support

Try to clarify the information without over questioning

Be honest and explain what will happen next and do not promise confidentiality

Ensure the safety of the child

Consult with the adult safeguarding team for clarity and direction

Consult with police or ambulance service if required

Do not do anything which could aggravate the situation

Record all information

Keep any evidence for example, clothing,

2.3 Explain the rights that children, young people and families have in situations where harm or abuse is suspected or alleged

Children, young people and families have the rights to the following in situations where harm or abuse is suspected or alleged:

Read also  _the Longest Memory_ by Fred D'aguiar

To be responded to with care and urgency

To be believed

To be supported

To be listened to in a calm and caring environment

For the problem to be dealt with

To be safe

To be given help

To be given opportunity to vent their anger appropriately

To be given medical assistance

More Essays

  • New Age Constructions

    New Age is a building construction organisation based in Bangalore. The organisation, which was established in the year 2005, is relatively new in this sector. The activities of the organisation are limited to Bangalore. There are a number of well-established builders in Bangalore. Therefore, initially New...

  • Public Governance in England

    Governance can be defined as how local government bodies operate and control structure and processes of local authorities to manage their communities under one umbrella. These local bodies ensure quality service to the people and lead communities in a responsible way (Governance). The role of governance is...

  • Argumentative

    Hazing in American Fraternities should be illegal and should incur strict penalties. Society is ignorant to the severity of hazing within American fraternities. "Many of the rites of passage, those rituals of growing up… are in the form of such comic, practical joke affairs[,] which we ignore [believing...

  • Project Management and Enterprise Information Architecture

    Enterprise architecture provides a framework for the business to add new applications, infrastructure, and systems for managing the lifecycle and the value of the current and future environments. Enterprise architecture provides the alignment across business strategy, IT strategy, and IT implementation....

  • Hotel Management System

    The following subsections of the Software Requirements Specifications (SRS) document provide an overview of the entire SRS. 1.1 Purpose The Software Requirements Specification (SRS) will provide a detailed description of the requirements for the Hotel Management System (HMS). This SRS will allow for a...

  • Health & Social Care

    Physical abuse – is classed as the hitting, shaking, choking, biting or other physical attack on an individual. It can lead to bruising, cuts, scratches burns, fractures and internal injuries. As well as these more immediate injuries, there can also be longer term ones. Someone who is being physically...

  • do We Learn from our Mistakes_

    Architecturally speaking, I think we learn very little from our mistakes, as there are so many thousands of mistakes to make in architecture without repeating a single one. A child may learn not to touch a hot stove, but that is because the child receives an immediate response for doing so. This is not...

  • Villa Savoye

    Labelled as one of Le Corbusier's defining buildings, the Villa Savoye has had a profound impact on the modernist movement through out the twentieth century which became commonly known as international style. Designed with the help of his cousin Pierre Jeanneret and built between nineteen twenty-eight and...

  • The Human Nature of Prejudice

    Many people in society today have the mindset that being prejudice is wrong, especially as it relates to skin color and ethnicity. Social Psychology and Human Nature book describes prejudice as "an act of a wicked culture" (Roy F. Baumeister, Brad J. Bushman p. 402). Jim Cole's description is: "Prejudices...

  • Research Proposal Are Victims of Childhood Sexual Abuse

    Childhood sexual abuse is a subject that is not researched very deeply. One issue is traumatizing the victims even more by studying them on a long-term base. There are questions that researchers want to answer but designing the right study to achieve the answers is sensitive work. One such question is "Are...

Understand Safeguarding of Children and Young People Essay

1.1 All organisations that provide care for children and young people must have policies and procedures in place that cover the safeguarding of children and young people from harm and abuse. Which cover: Policies for safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children. Protection policies and procedures.

Whistle Blowing procedures. An organisations policies and procedures must meet the set standard requirements which are laid out from their local government. All policies and procedures must state the legal duties and responsibilities that an organisation has. The child protection policies which organisations develop will be heavily influenced by the legal framework.

2.1 There are certain indicators that may suggest a form of abuse is happening to a certain someone but at the same time you cannot jump to the conclusion that someone may being abused just because they are showing potential indicators of abuse. Some indicators may be:

Physical Signs may involve bruises, burns, human bite marks, fractures, swelling and lack of normal use of limbs, serious injury with no explanation, untreated injuries, no consistency in the explanation, delayed physical hygiene, appearance, damage to genitalia or anus, sexually transmitted infection, unexplained recurrent discharge and emaciation, pot belly, short stature.

Behavioural Signs may involve some accepting punishment which appears excessive, over reaction, continual self – deprecation, neurotic behaviour, extremes of passivity or aggression, hostility to others, constant criticism of others, constant hunger, destructive tendencies, sexual knowledge at an inappropriate age, sexualised behaviour in young children, sexually provocative behaviour / promiscuity, hinting at sexual activity, inexplicable falling off in school performance, sudden apparent changes in personality, lack of concentration, social withdrawal, overly compliant behaviour, aggressive behaviour, onset of wetting day or night, unusually fearful of adults, unnaturally complaint with parents, refusal to discuss injuries, withdrawal from physical contact and aggression towards others.

Emotional Signs may involve low self-esteem, social withdrawal, insecure behaviour, inappropriate emotional responses to painful situations, poor trust in significant adults, regressive behaviour, onset of wetting day or night and onset of insecure clinging behaviour.

2.2 Within our organisation if a safeguarding issues occurs we are to follow protocol, which means we follow our policies and procedures. Our policies and procedures state our purpose is to ensure that abuse of service user rights is avoided, to comply with the independent safeguarding authority (ISA) requirements, to comply with the guidance contained in the publication “no secrets”, to comply with the protection of children (Scotland) Act 2003 (POCSA), to comply with regulations 18 of the CQC (Registration) Regulations 2009 and to ensure awareness of the wider safeguarding powers.

Our policies and procedures state are first protocol would be to ensure the service users is our priority and their safety is maintained, if medical attention is required this must be sought immediately. Our next step would be to report, it is everyone responsibility to act on suspicion or evidence of abuse or neglect and refer to the local Social Services Adult Protection Team. The social services adult protection team will take lead and will take responsibility for managing the process by establishing facts of the case, identify who needs to be involved and coordinate the response. When complaints of alleged abuse are made Police are to be notified it’s imperative the police are notified straight away with a matter of urgency.

In some cases the Police may ask the providers to carry out an initial investigation before referral. Any incidents of abuse and allegations of abuse, as well as any incident which is reported to the police CQC must be notified by the organisation without delay. We are to involve the alleged victim and ensure they understand the process of the investigation. Arrangements should be made to have a relative, friend or independent advocate present if the person desires. The friend, relative or independent advocate should not be a person suspected of being anyway involved or implicated in the abuse.

Read also  Bullying

The service users care plan should be reviewed to ensure they are getting the correct support that’s needed from our organisation. Consideration must be given to enlisting the services or advice or personnel with specific skills or knowledge, particularly where people involved have limited communication skills, or where English is not their first language. The social service district team, as the lead agency, coordinating the response, must notify other agencies and identify those who need to be involved and ensure the following processes are addressed: Investigation of the incident using guidelines

Action to ensure immediate safety of the alleged victim Early involvement of key agencies through a strategy meeting or discussion (by telephone if appropriate) Agreement with other agencies who should take the lead in the investigation Assessment and care planning for the vulnerable person who has been abused Action with regard to criminal proceeding

Action by employers, such as, suspension, disciplinary proceedings, use of complaints and grievance procedures and action to remove the perpetrator from the professional register Arrangements for treatment or care of the abuser, if appropriate Consideration of implications relating to regulations, inspection and contract monitoring Appropriate measures to reassure and support carers and in keeping them informed Development, implementation and monitoring of a care plan Maintain appropriate records.

The investigation will take place after the investigation or throughout the investigation a case conference will be arranged for all agencies involved to attend. Throughout the process of following are policies and procedures confidentiality is not to be breached at any time unless we are following our sharing information policy. The Social Services District Team Manager must ensure feedback is given to the referring organisation and family as appropriate.

As an organisation we are to follow our policies and procedures and try to limit safeguarding issues by following our General Procedures for the Prevention of Abuse during Employment. Protocol changes when it involves children and young people instead of notifying the Adult Protection Team within social services, you would notify the Children / Young People Protection Team. Other than them we would notify the police and the person’s case manager. You would follow your organisations policies and procedures at all times and the child / young person’s safety comes first and is imperative.

2.3 Under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and Working Together to Safeguard Children, A child / young person has the right not to be subjected to repeat medical examinations or questions following suspected abuse. Children and young people have the right to be listened to and their safety is paramount. They have the right to be consulted on with whom information will be shared with but the duty to report concerns can override this. Under the Children Act those with parental responsibility have the right to be informed and to make decisions about their child’s welfare but this right is removed where their abuse is proved. Where harm or abuse is suspected or alleged they have the right to be informed – who informs them and when will depend on the suspicion or allegation. Again they must be consulted about who the information is shared with but this can be overridden in certain circumstances.

Read also  _the Longest Memory_ by Fred D'aguiar

More Essays

  • Whistle Blowing

    Write a report explaining the importance of ensuring children and young people's safety and protection in the work setting. The report needs to cover the following sections:Section 1: InductionExplain why it is important to ensure children and young people are protected from harm in the work setting. As...

  • Promote Positive Behaviour

    Understand how legislation, frameworks, codes of practice and policies relate to positive behaviour support. 1.1 Explain how legislation, frameworks, codes of practice and policies related to positive behaviour support are applied to own working practice. All aspects of my job role are regulated by policies...

  • Professional Relationships with Children

    1.1 Describe how to establish respectful, professional relationships with children any young people To establish and maintain a respectful and professional relationship with children and young people in setting the Teaching assistant must always put the children first, never appear bored or uninterested,...

  • Psychology and Care Plan

    Questions 1 – Be able to assess the development needs of children or young people and repare a development plan. 1.1 – Explain factors that need to be taken into account when assessing development. * Progress * Improvement * Behaviours * Look at goals within care plan are they on track? * What...

  • The Different Reasons People Communicate

    – to work together with others more effectively, to plan activities, and to plan and set up the indoor and outdoor environments to best benefit the children or young people's development. Every morning the indoor and outdoor environments need to be set up for the children to work and play in, and the...

  • Role of Youth in Politics

    Unfortunately, the youth of today have been given such a bad name when it is only a minority of people who are creating social disruption. Most youthful people are motivated and long to do well in everything they do, which means they could be a very important aspect in politics. Firstly, young people have...

  • Youth and Sports

    Raising children in today's society is not for the faint of heart. Raising children has never been easy, but it is especially difficult in youth sports today. Coaches and parents are putting a lot of pressure on our young sons and daughters. The pressure to succeed in sports at such a young age is taking...

  • Transitions Experienced by Most Children and Young People

    Transition experienced by most children and young people include: Moving away – This could make the child or young person frustrated because they are being torn away from either their favourite place or friends, this could also make the child become anxious. Friends moving away – This could make the child...

  • Youth and Young People

    What is youth and what are the advantages and disadvantages of being young? It is said that youth is the nicest time of one? s life. As a young person you are fit, strong and have enough energy to face problems. In fact you do not think about any problems, but look forward to every day in which you may try...

  • Child and Young Person Development

    •Schools/starting nursery is a part of everyday life the child/ young person will have to make this transition many times in their life. The transition that most children/ young people experience is moving from one school or care setting to another will happen a number of times over a child's life for many...