The Sun Rising by John Donne Essay
I–The sun rising is a poem in which the poet expresses his anger with the sun. In the first stanza the poet calls the sun a busy old fool and unruly that is undisciplined because the sun visits people without their consent to their homes and disturbs them from their sleep. The poet says that the sun should not disturb lovers,as love unlike anything knows neither season nor time. The poet tells the sun to not disturb him and his lover and go wake up the late schoolboys and sour prentices.
II–In the second stanza he sarcastically praises the sun, saying that his beams are so reverend and strong. He says that no matter how strong his beams are he could just eclipse them by just closing his eyes. But he also says that he would not do so, because closing his eyes would mean loosing his lover from his sight and he doesn’t want to do so. What he actually means to say is that the sun is not so powerful as everyone claims to be because he has no control over who eclipses it. The poet says that his lover’s eyes are so bright that they could even blind the sun, he says that all the rich and valued things in this world are lying there with him in the form of his lover as all the world is his lover for him.
III–In the third stanza he says that all the kings and princes are inside his lover, that all that the princes do is just mimicry of them, all their honor is fake and all their wealth is alchemy. He says that the world is contracted in he and his lover, he tells the sun that the sun requires some rest so shine on him and his lover and he will be shining on the whole world. He calls the bed the centre and the walls the planets.
_the Sun Rising_ by John Donne Essay
In “The Sun Rising,” by John Donne, there are many metaphysical characteristics. These characteristics are made up primarily of paradoxes and conceits. The theme also contributes to these metaphysical characteristics.
The paradoxes are spread out thought the entire poem. The first is “Why dost thou thus, / Through windows and through curtains, call on us” (line 2-3). This is because the sun doesn’t call on anyone; this is also personification because the sun is given speech, a characteristic of humans. Another paradox that uses personification is on line 12, “Why shouldst thou think?” on this line the speaker is asking the sun why it doesn’t think. On line 25,”Thou, sun, art half as happy as we…” the speaker is stating that his lover and his self are much happier than the sun, which is half as happy.
Conceits are plentiful in this poem by John Donne. One of these conceits is on line 1 where the speaker calls the sun a “Busy old fool” that is “unruly”. Donne believes that his bedroom is the whole universe and the sun a rude intruder. The sun, regular in its mover across the sky every twenty-four hours is called “unruly,” that is poorly behaved, or without respect for the rules of authority. Here the lovers have their own world and their own rules. It may be sunrise but Donne and his lover do not want to get up just yet. The sun is also “saucy, pedantic wretch” (line 5). The sun isn’t just annoying and unruly but rude and disrespectful as well. The sun’s insistence on measuring out days and nights is called “pedantic.” The speaker wants the sun to go and leave them alone.
The theme of the sun controlling and invading the lives of everyone and everything is evident in many locations in this poem. On line 3, which is a paradox, the speaker asks the sun why it “calls on us.” This shows the sun is invading the lives of the speaker and his lover in which they have their own season, “lovers’ season.”
John Done has incorporated many of the metaphysical characteristics into this poem entitled “The Sun Rising.” He uses paradoxes and conceits to demonstrate his theme that the sun controls and invades the lives of everyone, and everything.