Solid Waste Management Essay

Introduction

In any nation or country, waste management is always part of their equation to maintain their balance, not just environmentally but economically. The Philippines is a country of 85 million people and encompasses 7,107 islands, though only about 2,000 islands are currently inhabited. The Philippines has a total area of 30 million hectares, which is roughly 90% the total area of the nearby country, Malaysia. The Archipelago stretches more than 1,800 kilometers (km) north to south and 1,100 km east to west, and is located between the South China Sea and the Philippine Sea.

With a rapidly growing population and lack of adequate disposal sites, solid waste has become a major problem for most medium to large-size cities. When Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo took office in January, 2001, the first act she signed into law dealt with solid waste management. In recent years, inadequate solid waste management systems have posed serious health risks particularly in densely populated areas. In Manila, for example, the closure of the largest disposal site in 200 combined with the inadequate capacity at the other sites resulted in the disposal of tons of waste along city streets, empty lots, and in the waterways and bays in and around the city. Scavenging for recyclable material at open dumps is very common throughout many parts of the Philippines. Tragically, excessive open dumping of solid waste combined with the seasonal monsoon rains at the Payatas sire in July 2000 caused a large-scale slope failure that resulted in the deaths of hundreds of scavengers.

Waste management practices can differ for developed and developing nations. It is the collection, transport, processing or disposal managing and monitoring of waste materials. The term waste management usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics. Waste management is also a distinct practice from resource recovery which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources. All waste materials, whether they are solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive fall within the remit of waste management.

Background of the study

In the United States of America (USA), where over 311 million people live, almost all methods of waste management are being used. A program call Municipal Solid Waste does this. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) – more commonly known as trash or garbage – consists of everyday items we use and then throw away, such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, food scraps, newspapers, appliances, paint, and batteries. This comes from our homes, schools, hospitals, and businesses.

Each year produces a report on MSW generation, recycling and disposal. In 2010, Americans generated about 250 million tons of trash and recycled and composted over 85 million tons of this material, equivalent to a 34.1 percent recycling rate. On average, we recycled and composted 1.51 pounds of our individual waste generation of 4.43 pounds per person per day. They encourage practices that reduce the amount of waste needing to be disposed of, such as waste prevention, recycling and composting.

Europe, where almost 739, 165,030 people live, make different strategies in dealing with waste. In the United Kingdom, the government is trying to encourage more people to recycle their waste and reduce the UK’s was mountain. Figures suggest 60% of all household waste could be recycled or composted, but the largest nation in the UK, England, appears to be reusing only 17.7%.

In Switzerland, they are proud of its recycling efforts, and with good reason. Glass and paper are just some of the things the average Swiss refuses to simply throw away. But the Swiss do not recycle just because they care about the environment. There is a strong financial incentive. Recycling is free, but in most parts of Switzerland throwing rubbish costs money – each sticker is not just one euro,

Waste is not just a waste. This is what Denmark, one of Europe’s “greenest” countries, believes. For decades, the Danish environment policy has been to regard waste as a resource. Tough standards have been set by consecutive governments, but are held up to the local authorities to collect whatever waste households may produce. Nearly 10,000 Danes are in the business of collecting waste – more than 0.1% of the entire population. The hard push

towards a greener Denmark has given the country a proud record.

Every year, one billion plastic drinking water bottles are thrown away in Greece, along with one billion soft drinks bottles and yet another billion plastic containers for cleansing fluids. Almost one-fifth of the entire waste produced by this country is plastic, and yet 1% of it is recycled. Ironically, Athens does have what is believed to be Europe’s largest recycling plant, built next to the landfill four years ago. But the plant has stood idle.

An efficient system for the collection and disposal of waste is critically important in Singapore’s limited land area and dense population. Singapore has an advanced waste management system in place. Their National Environment Agency (NEA) has overall responsibility for the planning, development and management of solid waste disposal facilities and operations in Singapore. This includes the licensing and regulation of solid waste collection and enforcement of illegal dumping.

In this paper, the role of authority in this seemingly unattractive statistics concerning Philippine waste management is put into focus. To be specific, the information dissemination, cooperation, and policies and procedures set for the purpose of implementation of waste management, the factors that cause it and its unacceptable levels that may influence the integrity and performance of Filipinos in how they treat their waste properly. It is for the reason that the researcher hold the belief that what is essential is invisible to the naked eye (Antoine Saint-Exupery, The Little Prince) and that these invisible yet, essential forces are the ones that will make or break the integrity of Philippine authority in the country.

Read also  Food Cart Businesses Management Practices

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The Study is significant to the following:

1. Department of Environment and National Resources (DENR). The study will help provide information to update existing policies on waste management. Not only will it help in any updates of policies, this study will also help in finding ways of effective and efficient implementation of the waste management program. 2. Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG). Monitoring of the implementation of the waste management program will make a huge impact on environmental changes. This study will provide some evidences of lapses on the program’s implementation, where the department can study more to ensure a higher rate of obedience of the program. 3. Caloocan City Administrators.

The result of this study will give them insights on the most frequent situations seen in their unit. The study will also provide them with possible programs that will help them cope with the situations and have a better understanding of it. 4. Barangay Officials. This study will provide sufficient data to solve the problems of the implementation of the program. 5. Researchers. This study will give them appreciation and full understanding of the policies, regulations and over-all implementation of waste management program. 6. Future Researchers. This study will serve as reference in conduct of a similar study or research in the future.

Conceptual Paradigm

This Study will use the Input-Process-Output (IPO) model or the Systems Approach. The model is graphically shown below. Figure 1. Theoretical Framework of the Study Entitled “Implementation of Waste Management Program in Three (3) Selected Barangays in District 1, Caloocan City”

The Input will consist of the demographic profile of the respondent, the solid waste management program in the barangays and the law enacted for the topic. The Process will include the questionnaire, oral and written interview and the Document Analysis. The Output will result to a more effective implementation of the Solid Waste Management Program and a clean healthy community.

SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

The study will assess the implementation of the Waste Management Program. The respondents will be randomly selected from the three (3) chosen barangays namely Barangay 174 of Camarin, Barangay 175 of Camarin, and Barangay 176 of Bagong Silang located in District 1 of Caloocan City. A total of 150 respondents will be selected where 50 each will come from the three (3) barangays. The period of the study covers from June 2012 to October 2012.

In the United States of America (USA), where over 311 million people live, almost all methods of waste management are being used. A program call Municipal Solid Waste does this. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) – more commonly known as trash or garbage – consists of everyday items we use and then throw away, such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, food scraps, newspapers, appliances, paint, and batteries. This comes from our homes, schools, hospitals, and businesses.

Each year produces a report on MSW generation, recycling and disposal. In 2010, Americans generated about 250 million tons of trash and recycled and composted over 85 million tons of this material, equivalent to a 34.1 percent recycling rate. On average, we recycled and composted 1.51 pounds of our individual waste generation of 4.43 pounds per person per day. They encourage practices that reduce the amount of waste needing to be disposed of, such as waste prevention, recycling and composting.

Europe, where almost 739, 165,030 people live, make different strategies in dealing with waste. In the United Kingdom, the government is trying to encourage more people to recycle their waste and reduce the UK’s was mountain. Figures suggest 60% of all household waste could be recycled or composted, but the largest nation in the UK, England, appears to be reusing only 17.7%.

In Switzerland, they are proud of its recycling efforts, and with good reason. Glass and paper are just some of the things the average Swiss refuses to simply throw away. But the Swiss do not recycle just because they care about the environment. There is a strong financial incentive. Recycling is free, but in most parts of Switzerland throwing rubbish costs money – each sticker is not just one euro,

Waste is not just a waste. This is what Denmark, one of Europe’s “greenest” countries, believes. For decades, the Danish environment policy has been to regard waste as a resource. Tough standards have been set by consecutive governments, but are held up to the local authorities to collect whatever waste households may produce. Nearly 10,000 Danes are in the business of collecting waste – more than 0.1% of the entire population. The hard push towards a greener Denmark has given the country a proud record.

Every year, one billion plastic drinking water bottles are thrown away in Greece, along with one billion soft drinks bottles and yet another billion plastic containers for cleansing fluids. Almost one-fifth of the entire waste produced by this country is plastic, and yet 1% of it is recycled. Ironically, Athens does have what is believed to be Europe’s largest recycling plant, built next to the landfill four years ago. But the plant has stood idle.

An efficient system for the collection and disposal of waste is critically important in Singapore’s limited land area and dense population. Singapore has an advanced waste management system in place. Their National Environment Agency (NEA) has overall responsibility for the planning, development and management of solid waste disposal facilities and operations in Singapore. This includes the licensing and regulation of solid waste collection and enforcement of illegal dumping.

Read also  Wal Mart Csr Initiative

In this paper, the role of authority in this seemingly unattractive statistics concerning Philippine waste management is put into focus. To be specific, the information dissemination, cooperation, and policies and procedures set for the purpose of implementation of waste management, the factors that cause it and its unacceptable levels that may influence the integrity and performance of Filipinos in how they treat their waste properly. It is for the reason that the researcher hold the belief that what is essential is invisible to the naked eye (Antoine Saint-Exupery, The Little Prince) and that these invisible yet, essential forces are the ones that will make or break the integrity of Philippine authority in the country.

According to a Study on the Overview of Solid Waste Management in Malaysia, there are six elements of SWM: the generation, storage, collection, transportation and transfer, processing and treatment, and the disposal. In changes given during their current system of waste management, their current landfill is approximately 95%. In their given change for a targeted date of 2020, the statistics will change to a 65% landfill, making the 35% for recycling and intermediate processing.

In the United Kingdom, the government is trying to encourage more people to recycle their waste and reduce the UK’s waste mountain. Figure 2 suggests that 60% of all household waste could be recycled or composted, but even the largest nation in the UK, England, appears to be using only 17.7%.

Figure 2. WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

Even in USA, in 2010, Americans generated about 250 million tons of trash and recycled and composted over 85 million tons of this material, equivalent to a 34.1 percent recycling rate.

Local Literature

According to a Study on the Overview of Solid Waste Management in Malaysia, there are six elements of SWM: the generation, storage, collection, transportation and transfer, processing and treatment, and the disposal. In changes given during their current system of waste management, their current landfill is approximately 95%. In their given change for a targeted date of 2020, the statistics will change to a 65% landfill, making the 35% for recycling and intermediate processing.

Research Method

This segment discusses the research method and techniques and the instrument to be used in gathering to be used in gathering data. The descriptive method of research will be used in gathering data in as much as the nature of the study is such that it aims to describe existing condition tackled. This method is being used because it describes the present status or prevailing condition obtaining in the research venue. Specifically, survey will be conducted which the questionnaire as the primary instrument.

More Essays

  • Solid Wastes Management

    What is Solid Wastes Management? Solid Waste Management is a well-bred terminology that refers to garbage or trash management. As long as humans have been living in settled communities, improper waste management has always been an issue. Industrialized nations can generate pounds of solid waste per...

  • Solid Waste and Recycling

    Over the years, the demand for effective solid waste management and recycling has drastically risen. This has mainly been due to the fast changing methods of consumerism and drastically increasing populations of towns with time. Lack of long term focus has greatly contributed to the menace as the urban...

  • Waste Management

    INTRODUCTION Background of the Study RA 9003, otherwise known as the "Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000," mandates that segregation and collection of solid waste at source shall be conducted at the barangay level specifically for biodegradable, compostable and recyclable wastes, and that the...

  • Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment (deia)

    Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment (DEIA) is one of the procedures of EIA adopted in Malaysia. The DEIA report will be prepared after the Preliminary EIA was approved by the Department Of Environmental. Detailed EIA is a procedure undertaken for those projects with major or significant impacts to the...

  • The Problem_ _greenpeace_ Philippines

    In the direction of the country's development, be it on living standards, waste management, economic crisis and many others, do you think we are progressing? Fearing that, country is not making any progress contrary to the pronouncements. Not relying on the statistics, the economy is on its pits, poverty is...

  • About the Philippines

    The Philippines is located in the southeastern portion of Asia. Her neighbor on the north is the Republic of China (Taiwan or Formosa), while on the west is Communist Vietnam. Further west is Thailand. Immediately to the south of the Philippines is Indonesia and to the southwest are Malaysia and Singapore....

  • Ragpickers_ Recycling and School

    A.What is ragpicking? India's booming urbanization brings the problem of waste management. As more people are migrating towards the cities, the amount of waste is increasing at a high pace and waste management is likely to become a critical issue in the coming years. Ragpickers play an important, but...

  • Report Writing, Household Waste Management

    Acknowledgements The team would like to convey its sincere gratitude to the youth members of Shimultala who participated as interviewers in the survey. Thanks are also extended to the Councilor Mr. A.K. Azad, members of the Local Project Management Committee and the people of Shimultala for their...

  • Oyster Shell

    A. Background of the study Environmental pollution has reached an alarming level and the environment has suffered an irreparable damage. Solid, liquid and gas wastes from the industries; run off fertilizers and pesticides from the agricultural land; am domestic sewage from urban areas has reached a limit...

  • Swot Analysis – Progressive Waste Solutions

    Introduction Progressive Waste Solutions LTD (PWS) was founded in 2001 and its headquarters can be located in Vaughan, Canada serves as a vertically integrated Waste Management organization. Its main purpose within the industry is to collect and dispose of commercial, industrial, municipal and residential...