Safeguarding of Children and Young People Essay
The integral part of this act is to maintain the child is at the forefront of decisions; the best option in relation to the child’s welfare will be taken into account when deciding the best course of action for the child/young person’s upbringing – creating a partnership between parents and multi-agencies. Alongside this, the requirement of parental responsibilities is outlined e. g. their rights, duties and powers and achieved a balance between the need/welfare of the child and the right of the parent/carer.
Further to this, it gives a clear definition for what is meant by ‘harm’ in relation to safeguarding children – for example introducing abuse as ‘ill-treatment’ and how the impairment of health can also be a contributing factor to abuse. Following this, the framework of courts was restructured to ensure consistency of decisions in relation to family court proceedings.
Children’s Act 1999 The Children’s Act came into existence in the year 2000; it was to form a guideline that included a list of people deemed unsuitable to work with children and young people (e. . paedophiles). Any person wanting to work with children/young people/vulnerable adults now has to complete an enhanced Criminal Record check (CRB). It is through databases such as the Criminal Records Bureau, that will safe-guard children and young people from contact with inappropriate adults. Children Act 2004 As a direct response to a very serious case review involving a girl named Victoria Climbie, the government reviewed its approach to safeguarding and published a new green paper known as the Children’s Act 2004.
The initial change was the introduction of the initiative ‘Every Child Matters’ (ECM). This guideline of 5 points was an idea to help all of the multi-agencies to deal with safeguarding issues effectively and consistently – be healthy, stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make a positive contribution, achieve economic well-being. If any one of these targets were not being met, today, some agencies could potentially review a child’s safety under this current legislation.
A second part of this new legislation was the encouragement of multi-agencies to work together – this idea came as a direct consequence of the failings in relation to Victoria Climbie. With this, a database accessible by all authorities involved with children and young people was set up so that records can be maintained effectively and information can be shared easily. Finally, based on the initiative of agencies working together to support children and young people, Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCB’s) were created within LEA’s.
In my setting, each planning sheet that teachers use has the five points from ECM written on it, as a constant reminder to include each child in the lesson and differentiate accordingly in order to reach all abilities. The five points of ECM are also on display boards/walls in most classrooms. In class, we were put into groups and had to present an act to the rest of the class and state how it works in school today. Me and Anne presented the childrens act 1989 which is shown on the next page. Following that is the other groups presentation handouts on the different acts.
Taking information of how best to safeguard children and young people from Government legislation has led to current guidelines for how best to deal with pupils in school, through things such as risk assessments (to protect both the child and yourself). It also gives a good indication to staff in schools as to how to deal with child care/welfare/protection issues; as long as staff consult policies and procedures, then they will be following the correct protocol for their setting – e. g. each child in my setting has a risk assessment in order for staff to create behaviour strategies in certain situations of high stress.