State Of Nature Essays

Political Thinkers

Ancient, medieval and early modern * Hammurabi (died c. 1750 BCE) * Confucius (551-479 BCE) * Socrates (470-399 BCE) * Mozi (470-390 BCE) * Xenophon (427-355 BCE) * Plato (427-347 BCE) * Diogenes of Sinope (412-323 BCE) * Aeschines (389-314 BCE) * Aristotle (384-322 BCE) * Mencius (372-289 BCE) * Chanakya (350-283 BCE) * Xun Zi (310-237 BCE) * Thiruvalluvar (c.200 BCE-c. 30 BCE) * Han Feizi (? -233 BCE) * Cicero (106-43 BCE) * Pliny the Younger (63-113 CE)…

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The Social Contract_ Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau

The three philosophers, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau were three key thinkers of political philosophy. The three men helped develop the social contract theory into what it is in this modern day and age. The social contract theory was the creation of Hobbes who created the idea of a social contract theory, which Locke and Rousseau built upon. Their ideas of the social contract were often influenced by the era in which they lived and social issues that…

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Rousseau and Hobbes’ Conception of State of Nature

Both Rousseau and Hobbes talked about state of nature but their understanding of state of nature and the first living of humanity is quite different from each other. Their views are similar in some points but mostly they contrast with each other. These differences in their thoughts are mainly because of their understanding of human nature and also their view of man. For Hobbes, state of nature is a state of war and because of this, every individual are against…

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Hobbes and Locke_ Social Contract

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke held contrasting theories on how government should limit the rights of men, which they referred to as the social contract. Thomas Hobbes’ theory of the social contract is that a government should have complete discretion over the limitations of men’s rights, while Locke’s theory is that a social contract is necessary, but the rights limited should be solely for the protection of property. Thomas Hobbes’ theory of the social contract is that men should give…

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Locke Vs Rousseau

John Locke argued that a legitimate government would be validated through the consent of the people it governed and protected, specifically the protection of a citizens natural rights of life, liberty, and estate. He also believed that citizens had the right of rebellion in the event that a government was acting against the rights and interests of its citizens, ultimately allowing those governed to replace the government with another in the interests of the people. Locke believed that the state…

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The State of Nature According to John Locke

The state of nature according to Locke is “a state of perfect freedom to order their actions and dispose of their possessions and persons as they think fit… without asking leave or depending upon the will of any other man. ” For Locke, the state of nature is where humans exist without an established government or social contract. In a since the state of nature is a state of anarchy, of no order. What John Locke believed about the state…

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Hobbes’ Political Philosophy

Hobbes argues that the state of nature is a state of perpetual war of all against all and consequently, the life of man in the state of nature “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short” (xiii, 9). In this paper I will explain Hobbes’ arguments that support his claim to the state of nature. I will also assess these arguments and state that they are not valid and, therefore, not sound. I will then talk about the most controversial premise, relative…

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