Socrates Essays

Euthyphro – Plato

On his way to his trial, Socrates runs into his friend Euthyphro, there to prosecute his own father for the murder of a slave. From this state of affairs, Socrates engages Euthyphro in a dialogue that begins with questions regarding piousness and ends up unsatisfactorily attempting to come to a true answer. In the course of this discussion, definitions of concept of holiness emerge, only to be picked apart by Socrates. Ultimately, Socrates’ goal is a new definition of piety…

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Socrates_ the Apology and Crito

Socrates believed that his purpose, as a moral individual, was to achieve true wisdom of virtue and justice. With this considered, one may ask, “Then why did he accept punishment for crimes he didn’t commit?” Socrates didn’t care for fate, because he was only concerned for whether or not he and others were doing the right thing. This belief is shown to be evident when Socrates says, “You are sadly mistaken, fellow, if you suppose that a man with even…

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Plato and Crito

In Plato’s Crito, Crito attempts to persuade Socrates to flee from his death sentence. However, Crito fails because Socrates presents a counter argument which invalidates much of Crito’s original pleas. Despite this, a fallacy of justice may have been created. Even so, the Republic’s conception of justice seems to have little impact on Socrates’ existing ideas on justice. The first argument presented is the fact that the majority will look down upon Crito and others for not preventing Socrates death;…

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Socrates on Oratory, Desire, Power, and Good in Gorgias 447a 468e

To critically assess the language of Socrates within the work Gorgias, a look will be taken at the key steps to refutation and how Gorgias, and later Polus, may have failed in his attempt, and further, how Socrates makes the argument that tyrants, like orators or politicians, have no real power and that they are unable to act upon their own desires because they are crippled by the very power that makes them powerful. When Socrates and Chaerephon arrive at…

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Plato, Crito

In the Dialogue Crito, Socrates employs his Elenchus to examine the notion of justice and one’s obligation to justice. In the setting of the dialogue, Socrates has been condemned to die, and Crito comes with both the hopes and the means for Socrates to escape from prison. When Socrates insists that they should examine whether he should escape or not, the central question turns into whether if it is unjust to disobey laws. Socrates’ ultimate answer is that it is…

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The Comparison and Similarities_ Jesus Christ and Socrates

There are over a thousand of great philosophers all over the world who had successfully touched and affected the ethical principles and values of the people even in these present times. Two of them are Socrates, who had introduced the method of hypothesis for scientific methods nowadays and; Jesus Christ, the well known prophet who had spread the words of God on the Catholic and Christian practices Socrates had been a student of the famous philosopher Plato. He had introduced…

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Response Paper on Platos Crito

Socrates argues in the Crito that he shouldn’t escape his death sentence because it isn’t just. Crito and friends can provide the ransom the warden demands. If not for himself, Socrates should escape for the sake of his friends, sons, and those who benefit from his teaching. Socrates and Crito’s argument proceeds from this point. There are many instances in Plato’s the Crito where Socrates gives reasons for himself to stay in Athens and face his death. Arguments range from…

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Socrates’ Justice of an Individual

Justice implies superior character and intelligence while injustice means deficiency in both respects. Therefore, just men are superior in character and intelligence and are more effective in action. As injustice implies ignorance, stupidity and badness, it cannot be superior in character and intelligence. A just man is wiser because he acknowledges the principle of limit. (Plato) That is the paragraph that exemplifies Socrates’ view of justice of an individual as seen in Plato’s The Republic. It expresses Socrate’s view that…

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Political Philosophy and Plato

Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, he is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon, and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Many would claim that Plato’s dialogues are the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity. Through his portrayal in Plato’s dialogues, Socrates has become renowned for his contribution to the field of ethics, and it is this Platonic Socrates…

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Developing Socratic Wisdom

Socrates was an ancient Greek Athenian philosopher known mainly through the accounts and writings of his students, namely Plato and Aristotle. The wisdom of Socrates is depicted numerous times in the dialogues written by Plato. All the Socratic dialogues – Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito – illustrated Socrates’ form of inquiry and discussion between individuals with opposing viewpoints based on asking and answering questions to encourage critical thinking and to clarify ideas. It is an examination method, involving two oppositional topics…

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Socrates

The precise facts about how and why the great Greek philosopher Socrates was sentenced and executed remains one of the biggest puzzles in history, even to this day. Socrates lived and philosophized in Athens, which is said to be the ancient model for a democracy. Yet, it seems like the Athenians sentenced to death a respected member of their society for speaking his mind and standing by his principles. Now how democratic is that? What makes the situation more riddling…

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Plato and Aristotle

Just like Plato makes it clear especially in his apology of Socrates saying that he was among the devoted young followers, he must have told Aristotle about how he loved pizza but Aristotle must have argued out that he knew the pizza guy but he knew not about the extra large mutton and olive pie regardless of how hungry they were. This is just like they knew little about the hockey but knew about Athens. The fact that both their…

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The Last Days of Socrates

This book gives a good overview of many of Western philosophy’s foundational thinker. Plato uses Socrates numerous times in his writings to espouse his views on values, and continues to do so specifically in “Crito. ” The story takes place after Socrates is condemned to death. Crito visits Socrates in his cell and tries to convince the old philosopher to escape before the sentence is carried out. Crito, as a follower of Socrates, feels compelled to try to rescue him,…

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Research Paper on Plato

Abstract Many Philosophers made a difference in society but Plato is perhaps recognized as the most famous. His writings have had a profound effect on people, politics, and the philosophy throughout the centuries. He was a public figure and he made major contributions to society. Plato helped to lay the philosophical foundations of modern culture through his ideas and writings. One of the most philosophical thinkers of Western civilization, Plato is the only author from ancient Greek times whose writings…

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Socrates and the Athenian Politics

For us to be able to assess and judge Socrates’ influence on the Athenian society, more importantly the youths, we must first able to determine the foundation of an Athenian society or any political society in general that will enable us to assess if whether Socrates’ teachings is a threat to its existence and survival. If we look back to the dialogues and writings of both Plato and Aristotle and even to latter thinkers in the medieval and modern Europe,…

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