Political Philosophy Essays

Freedom_ Political Philosophy and Populous Positive Liberty

Freedom remains the sole basis for American society as we know it. Without freedom the great nation of America would have never been founded. To understand the true principles of freedom, one must understand the scope of the word. Philosophical freedom encompasses the ability to make choices without restraints, while political freedom is the state of being free rather than in physical confinement. Despite the importance of these ideas to our founding fathers, freedom has lost much of its importance…

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Political Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes and Rene Descartes

“Politics should be the application of the science Of man to the construction of the community” Explain this remark and discuss what reasons there might be for thinking it is not trueIn this essay I intend to examine the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes and Rene Descartes, in particular their ideas relating to the science of man, and attempt to explain why their ideas prove that it is not possible to construct a science of man. I will also briefly…

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Political Socialization

Have you ever thought about why you have the political beliefs and values you do? Where did they come from? Are they simply your own ideas and experiences or have you been influenced by others in your thinking? This process by which individuals acquire their political beliefs and attitudes is called political socialization. In another words, Political socialization is a concept where the study of the developmental processes by which children and adolescents acquire political cognition, attitudes and behaviors. What…

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Collectivisation_ Political Philosophy and Stable Income

?How accurate is it to say that the most important result of the collectivisation of agriculture was that it imposed communist control of the countryside? The result of collectivisation of agriculture was that it had imposed communist control as it meant that all farmers got an equal and fair rate exchange from their produce. However some areas were capitalist such as the use of NEP, the idea that the more you work the more you gain and that peasants eventually…

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Enlightened Philosophers

John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Jean Jacques Rousseau were all enlightenment philosophers. Each of these men had a particular view of government, society, and its citizens and they were all passionate about their works. Locke (1632- 1704) was an English philosopher, his ideas had a great impact on the development of political philosophy and he is widely regarded as one of the most influential enlightenment thinkers. Montesquieu (1689- 1755) believed that all things were made up of laws…

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The Ideas of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were both seventeenth century English thinkers and writers. Each had their own views the government’s role and human nature which were vastly different from one another. They expressed their ideas in their works, Hobbes’s Leviathan and Locke’s Two Treatises of Government. Thomas Hobbes published Leviathan in 1651, two years after the end of the English Civil War. In it, he supported an absolute monarchy and claimed that people had no qualms about compromising basic morals….

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John Locke_s Social Contract Theory

This paper analyzes the social contract theory of John Locke and how his values are consistent with the criminal justice system and private security settings of today. It will further discuss whether or not Locke’s’ values and principles apply to both criminal justice and private security venues. I will also summarize the major differences of the social contract theories; identify the key principles associated with Locke’s social contract theory; identify how these principles are inculcated in the U. S. Bill…

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Napoleon and Modern Society

Benjamin Franklin once said “They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little safety deserve neither liberty nor safety. ” I could not agree more with this quote. There have been so many countries that have fought for their freedom, including the U. S. and France, but the question is how quickly these countries would be able to sacrifice those hard fought liberties for their safety. When comparing France under Napoleons reign and the U. S. after September…

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Social Contract Theory of John Locke

According to John Locke (1690), “the people give up some freedoms to the government or other authority in order to receive or maintain social order through the rule of law. ” When the people surrender some freedoms and the government agreed to work together towards a common goal, to promote equal protection for both the people and the government. Based on the agreement a government was created. Therefore the government of the United States, has the powers to prosecute and…

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Women in Political Leadership

In this paper I will examine female political leadership. As a male growing up with a single mom that worked hard for equality, I understand firsthand the struggle that some women are met with. If we analyze the recent years, we can see that there has been numerous women that are soaring into leadership ranks in government. I find the leadership tactics of women prime ministers and heads of state; to have patterns that have emerged for women engaging in…

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Views of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau

Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and Jean-Racques Rosseau were philosophers who stated their belief of human nature and how we should govern mankind. Although Rousseau was born a different time than Hobbes and Locke, they all had a very strong influence on the way governments should function. They created a revolutionary idea of the state of nature, the way men were before a government came into play. Each philosopher developed guidelines and responsibilities that the government is obliged to. Although proposing…

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How Thomas Hobbes and John Locke Influenced Enlightenment Thinkers

The Age of Enlightenment saw many great changes in Western Europe. The Age of Enlightenment or simple “the Enlightenment” was an intellectual movement during the 18th century. Its purpose was to reform society and to advance knowledge using reason and the scientific knowledge. It supported scientific thought and opposed superstition with its favorite target being the Catholic Church. The phrase was frequently used by writers of the period itself, implying that they were emerging from centuries of darkness and ignorance…

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John Locke Equality

What is equality? Equality is not something that a government can grant or deny a body of citizens; for this right is unalienable. This basically included life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness and was not allowed to be taken away by governments. It could be utilized to describe the same political rights that people may have, including males and females. However, John Locke in the Second Treatise of Government outlines his theory of equality and how it works in…

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Compare Purpose of a State

Introduction What is a state? In different times in different places different people understood the meaning of this word in a different way. Definition for this term was being gathered for ages modifying and evaluating as the times went by (already since the times of Ancient Greece (beginning ~1000 BC)). It can be explained by differences in level of knowledge people had, political situation, and “moods” which privileged in public. What is the purpose of a state? This question lies…

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Political Degeneration

Niccolo Machiavelli once said, “Politics has no relation with morals”. With righteous reference to this statement let us now turn ourselves towards India, and have a look at India’s glorifying political past as well as the subduing present. 66 years of Indian independence are on, the nation has seen very few landmark changes in the political field. And TODAY Indian politics has been reduced to nothing more than a mere cat and mouse chase. Amidst this chaos one question arises…

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