Plato Essays

The Minds of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle

SOCRATES, one of those who sought to develop a more consistent and purer concept of god, but he paid the price of a pioneer in that the masses misunderstood him. He was considered as the destroyer of the gods of the Greeks. He maintained that the centrality of the real essence of man and individual is not only its acceptance of the different gods but the real understanding of one’s relationship with others in a rational manner. This implies a…

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Worksheet on Plato’s Crito

1. In paragraphs 43-46a, Crito gives Socrates a number of reasons why he should escape. State one of them in your own words. He will be killed un honorably. 2. Socrates brings up the case of an athlete engaged in professional training. What point do you think Socrates is trying to make here? Although he was an awful wrestler, anything is possible even if one is destined for failure. There just may be a positive ending to his going away….

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Socrates, Philosophy

?Socrates was a Greek philosopher, who is often considered to be the father of Western philosophy, and a key figure in the development of Western civilisation. “The unexamined life is not worth living for a human being. ” Socrates – Republic 38c He left no actual writing so impressions of Socrates have come primarily from the writings of his student, Plato. There are also other contributions from Xenophon and a contemporary playwright – Aristophanes. It is possible that Plato embellished…

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Plato’s the Symposium

Plato’s Symposium is a philosophical tome written by him. The book details the various intricacies of love including its nature and its place in society, its very purpose. They speak of love through details given of the God known as Eros. Eros or Aros in Greek mythology was considered the God of lust, beauty, love and intercourse. On another level it also speaks of knowledge and the how it fits into the realm of human existence. The book is written…

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Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, three men considered to be the quintessential basis of ancient Greek philosophy. Not only were they responsible for Greek enlightenment, but also foreshadowed the coming of Christ in there speculations. Plato, the protege of Socrates, became the first to document the philosophy of his teacher, which in turn is passed down to Aristotle. This process of mentoring aided ancient man in the intellectual evolution of politics and religion, known as the linear concept. Socrates, the Athenian…

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Greek Philosophy

What Is Philosophy? •Philosophy : The studies of Greco-Roman thinkers on activities and inquiries. It is also the rational investigation of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct. •Philosophy focuses on three main types: •Stoicism •Skepticism •Epicurean •Philosophy consists of these philosophical areas: •Metaphysics •Materialism •Idealism •Epistemology •Empiricism •Rationalism •Ethics •Hedonism •Cynicism Three Main Types Stoicism •Refers to the knowledge of Aristotle o”Mind is a blank state, impressions are made by the 5 senses. ” •Stoics deny the…

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On Plato’s Ideal State

The Republic, though an ancient text that has long been heavily criticized, is a complete philosophical work in itself where the crucial details can be closely associated with one another. It is of equal significance that to succeed at grasping the meaning of one crucial part one is necessitated as well to have an understanding of the other chunks of his philosophical work. We are then called forth to carry out a rough analysis of his remaining conjectures in order…

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Socrates’ Failure in Refuting Thrasymachus

In producing a counter argument to Thrasymachus’ claim that justice is the advantage of the stronger, Socrates bases his argument enourmously on sentimentality and prejudice. He assumes that the virtues which are supposedly functioning in the realm of ideas can also work propably in the World. For example, in Socrates’ view, a doctor does not seek his own advantage, but the advantage of his patients. Yet, this view reflects the perfect ideal of a doctor in Socrates’ belief of ideas…

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Aristophanes Account of Love in Plato’s Symposium

Plato’s Symposium contains several intriguing accounts of the nature of love. Describe in detail either the account of love offered by Aristophanes or Socrates/Diotima. What arguments could be given for thinking that this is the correct conception of love? DO you find this account compelling? Be sure to explain you reasons for taking the position that you do. The Symposium, written by Plato, is an account of the different speeches given during a dinner party. Each speech given is by…

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Intro to Philosophy

The word philosophy itself means “the love of wisdom. ” Philosophy stands for doing the right thing or being a “just” person. Philosophy also means to see things for what they truly are and not what they may seem to be. A philosopher’s life is a lifelong quest to find the meaning of things beyond their physical appearance. The Ring of Gyges is a ring that a man puts on and becomes invisible. When he does wrong he is not…

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Plato’s Crito

To justify Socrates’ decision to stay in prison according to the law and obey even the unjust punishment that was given to him by his accusers or to escape from the prison is an issue that has been for debates for long. Socrates was sure to obey the law and accepted the punishment of drinking the poison. Here Plato wants to give the laws its own voice and discriminate it as a separate distinctiveness, trying to make it something close…

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The Ideal State_ According to Socrates, Plato and Aristotle

         “In general philosophy came into existence when the Greeks discovered dissatisfaction with supernatural and mythical explanations of reality,” (Kreis, 2000). Philosophy, as we know it today, obtained the foundation of its teachings from ancient Greeks who wanted a logical explanation to the order of the universe we live in. These men wanted to explain society’s dilemmas based on realities they can constitute through reason alone and not through some convention based on mythical uncertainties. Among such men were Socrates,…

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Phil. 101 Metaphysics

Philosophy stemmed from the early Greek religions and myths, in search for answers to their questions about life. From early B. C. till today people still have questions about life and after-life, what is real and what is reality. Philosophy has dozens of subdivisions within it, one being metaphysics. Metaphysics is the study of the nature of reality, and within metaphysics there are three more divisions materialism, idealism, and hylemorphism. Each philosopher fits into one category more then others. I…

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The Age of Philosophy

The term philosophy was brought about from the ancient Greeks meaning “wisdom of love. ” The true nature behind this social science is to use reason and logic to fully understand certain things. It is the study of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially as an academic discipline. The question every philosopher wants answered is, “How do we know the knowledge that we do? ” There is a process they go through to help them understand this phenomenon. They first examine…

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Athenian Democracy

Due to experiencing the volatile state of the Athenian government, it is not surprising that Socrates had much to say on the topic of political philosophy. Central to his political theory was his position on how citizens ought to approach ethics and politics. In the Apology, Socrates’ conduct demonstrates his belief that citizens must not be complacent when it comes to political virtue. In order to push citizens out of complacency, Socrates used a method called the “elecnhus” to prod…

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