Muscle Essays

Nursing Process

The client is a 70 year old, Caucasian male who is a retired siding salesman from Riverside, IA, who has an extensive history with Paralysis agitans (Parkinson’s disease). The client was first admitted to the long term care facility in December 2012. The client explained that he came to be at this facility after “already being in two places like this”. He was removed/discharged from the last long-term care facility for being what he called “disruptive”. The client described the…

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The Aging Musculoskeletal System

The human musculoskeletal system is the organ system that gives humans the ability to physically move, by using the muscles and skeletal system. It consists of the muscular system and the human skeleton. Bones are connected to each other at the joints by ligaments or cartilage and skeletal muscle is attached to bones, usually by tendons. Bones mass or density is lost as people age, especially in women after menopause. The bone loses calcium and other minerals. Bone is a…

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Bones, Muscles and their Aging Process

The human skeleton provides support and structure to the body. As a child we are born with about 300 bones. Once we become adults, the body has 206 bones. The reason why we are born with more bones is because as we age, some bones combine together to form a solid structure. Also as we mature, the postures in our bodies change, bone density can start to vanish, and the spine vertebrae’s can compress which triggers the trunk to appear…

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Myofascial Triggger Point

This chapter is the review of the available literature concerning the theoretic content that is necessary to understand the trapezius muscle and its role in the symptoms associated with upper back pain. Particularly the issues about the types of trigger points, including a discussion of myofascial trigger point therapy and acupuncture trigger point therapy. More importantly the awareness and understanding on how to improve the quality of life by learning about the alternative options, making changes and applying self-help strategies…

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Short Answer and Critical Thinking

15. Name and describe the four functional abilities of muscle that are the basis for muscle response. Contractibility- is the ability to shorten forcibly when adequately stimulated. This ability sets muscle apart from other tissue types. Extensibility- is the ability to extend or stretch. Muscle cells shorten when contracting, but they can stretch even beyond their resting length, when relaxed. Elasticity- is the ability of a muscle cell to recoil and resume its resting length after stretching. 16. Distinguish between…

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Discus Definition

1. Discus is a complex sport that requires skill and a lot of training. The discus is held in the dominant hand putting the first knuckles of your fingers around the edge. Your hand must be spread wide but not strained. You must orient your wrist so your index finger is directly in line with your forearm. You must then align yourself with the target area, either at your left shoulder or behind you. Most professionals face away from the…

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Are Creatine Supplements Safer Than Steroids

Creatine is a natural nutrient found in abundance inside meats such as fish, poultry and beef. Since the ages of the ancient Greeks, our early ancestors have been keeping fit and training their bodies to grow stronger. The people of this era did not have a supplement store to go to for protein shakes or creatine powders; instead they would naturally consume their daily protein and creatine needs through eating hearty amounts of meat, fish and legumes. Creatine has been…

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Why Is Aquatic Therapy Better Than ‘land’ Therapy_

As humans we are designed to move continuously. We naturally climb trees, run and play, go up mountains, swim, and perform numerous other movements. With all of this movement we have become experts on injuring ourselves as well. During a lifetime of movement serious injuries requiring physical therapy can be expected. There are many different types of therapy and recovery programs for many of these injuries. Physical therapy can be divided into 2 groups; aquatic and traditional “in office” or…

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Six Fundamentals of Fitness Training

Physical fitness is a state of well-being with low risk of premature health problems and energy to participate in a variety of physical activities. –President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports (1997) According to the US Government, the word “fitness” defies concise definition but is best explained by this chart: Obviously, there are a number of areas you should work on to improve your fitness. Most individual fitness training programs concentrate on one or more of these areas. The ultimate…

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Module 08 Case Study_ Cns Movement Disorders

1. What condition or conditions (disease/diseases) could Harry have as described in this case? Which one would be your primary diagnosis? In a very general explanation, describe this condition/disease. (1 point) Harry suffers from Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. This disease affects a person’s motor neurons affecting voluntary motor control by damaging both the upper motor neuron and lower motor neuron. 2. Which patient findings/observations lead you to your primary diagnosis? How do they relate to…

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the Reflex Arc

Reflex actions are the way the body responds rapidly to painful situations or the threat of painful situations. The reflex are is the mechanism by which the response occur The reflex arc is the name given to the pathway (or circuit) along which the initial stimulus and the corresponding response message travel There are five parts to a reflex arc: 1.) The Receptor, which receives the initial stimulus 2.) The Sensory (afferent) Nerve, which carries the impulse to the spinal…

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Finger Fractures

An injury to the hand generally results to a fractured finger. The hand is consisted of 27 bones. These bones are normally lined up accurately in order for the fingers and thumb to move precisely. A fracture in the finger bones causes improper alignment of the entire hand. If not treated immediately, “a fractured finger can remain stiff and painful for a long time” (sportsmedicine. about. com). A finger can be fractured if it is slammed by a hard object…

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Guillaume Duchenne

1. Dunchenne muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder due to progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle cells over time, discovered by Guillaume Duchenne. 2. What you may notice under microscopic view is a mass majority of adipose tissue, rapid growth of Endomysium connective tissue, and deterioration of muscle cells 3. Being diagnosed with the disease would show pelvic muscle being effected first. Early signs of muscular dystrophy would be fatigue or weakness in the gluteal area. 4. James claves were…

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Aerobic Vs Anaerobic

Strictly speaking, the terms “aerobic” and “anaerobic” refer to the presence and absence of oxygen, respectively. Most of our cells prefer to get their energy by using oxygen to fuel metabolism. During exercise with adequate fuel and oxygen (i.e., aerobic), muscle cells can contract repeatedly without fatigue. During anaerobic or non-oxygen conditions (i.e., higher intensity exercise), muscle cells must rely on other reactions that do not require oxygen to fuel muscle contraction. This anaerobic metabolism in the cells produces waste…

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Regulation of Muscle Hypertrophy

Our skeletal muscles make up 40-50% of our total mass and are essential for all humans to move, breath, and stand up straight. For the first 20 years of our lives and for those physically active after our muscles are continually growing. Satellite cells are responsible for this growth in our skeletal muscle and are referred to as muscle stem cells. When skeletal muscle cells are traumatized due to physical trauma or disease the regeneration process includes three general processes,…

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