Modern Essays

Identity Thesis

The identity thesis-otherwise known as identity theory, reductive materialism or central-state theory-asserts that there is a direct correlation between the mind and the brain or the mental states and the brain states. It therefore attempts to answer the age-old philosophical problem of identity and selfhood in terms of mind-body processes and states. Reductive Materialism as the name implies merely reduces individual identity to the mere interaction of the brain and the mind, claiming that behaviors are manifestations of internal activities…

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Old Challenges in Modern Contexts

While the United States of America boasts itself as the land of the free and the home of the brave, there remain the problems of social prejudice and illiteracy. The history of the United States is witness to how blacks were mistreated and enslaved in earlier years while the problem of illiteracy has continued to hinder the growth of a portion of its population from reaching its full capacities in the context of the workplace. Prejudice and illiteracy are just…

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Role of the Usa in the Modern Middle East

The Middle East has been in conflict and turmoil for the better part of the 20th century due to growing reliance on oil and the emergence of oil-based economies all around the world. This brought the Middle East to the limelight due to its massive oil reserves. The United States of America has a lot of interest directed to the Middle East. It is viewed with suspicion and hostility with regard to its activities and interventions in the Middle East….

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Modern Culture

As has lately been pointed out (Hesmondhalgh, 2002; Negus, 2002) this term has been used with some quite differing meanings or at least deviating from Bourdieu’s original intentions (Bourdieu, 1986). If they can be seen as active and cognizant agents of social and cultural change – change in the supposed interests of themselves and the class fraction to which they go, as Bourdieu would have it – then they have been recognized with cultural critics (Bourdieu, 1986; Hesmondhalgh, 2002); those…

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Japan_ the Fusion of Tradition and the Modern

Perhaps considered as the most powerful state in the Asian coast, the country of Japan can boast of its stability economic and cultural wise. Japanese culture has been known all over the world because of its authenticity and uniqueness. Shaped by a diverse and rich history, Japan honed the progress of its nation despite of the isolation period during the Tokugawa period and the difficulties from the Second World War. They have successfully brought the developments necessary for them to…

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From History to Modern Era

The great virtue of this estimate of Zionism is that it seems to succeed in providing the modern movement with a long history of which it is the heir. Zionism is made to stand in an unending line of messianic stirrings and rebellions against an evil destiny which began right after the destruction of the Temple by the Romans, with the Bar Kokba revolt in the next century. This theory highlights the story of frequent “ascents” of small groups of…

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History of Modern Painting

The rise in popularity of primitivism can be united with two other prevalent forces in Europe during the late 19th century, theology and industrialization. Naturally dissatisfaction with European life increased, steeped in centuries of monarchies, wars, feudal wars, and multiple revolutions. Christ symbols, towering church steeples, and scads of spiritually historical iconography permeated nearly all of the Europe, even while its principles waned. Meanwhile, Europe began to feel the effects of its going industrial centers. In the 1860s, Paris radically…

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Modern Irony

Since the beginning of time, man has attempted to unravel the seemingly infinite mysteries of life. The English playwright Tom Stoppard has written plays that address the existence of “fate” (or a predestined outcome for every human being) and controlling one’s own destiny. His plays also deal with the many other uncertainties that arise during a normal person’s life; such as sex, how we know things, etc. (Tom Stoppard) Stoppard’s utilization of satire and drawn parallels mirror the image of…

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Modern Times

Janie Crawford, a free spirited individual, is the main character in the book “Their Eye’s Were Watching God” which was written by Zora Neale Hurston. It should also be noted that Hurston was an anthropologist because of the book’s historically accurate perception of the expectations black women lived up to during that time. The story unfolds around Janie’s life and how she fought against the male oppression she endured in her two marriages all the while trying to define herself…

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Elderly in the Media Modern Cultural Shifts

In considering the concept of ageism and how it impacts the media in regard to elderly people, one must take a close look to the cultural and behavioral aspects of modern society. In many cases, elderly people are not represented in the most positive light. Instead of resources of wisdom and accumulated knowledge, they are often regarded as people at the end of their ropes, even outdated and perhaps deficit in personality. Many media representations of the elderly spend very…

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Modern Transparencies and Unwanted Exposures

Human beings have been constructing shelters to serve different purposes since the beginnings of civilization. How a building was constructed depended on three qualities set out by Vitruvius, the Roman architect in his treatise De Architectura – • Durability • Utility • Beauty Across the ages, one of these three criteria has been more important than the other. The precept of modern architecture is ‘form follows function’. The function of the building determines its structure. But built into this precept…

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Museum of Modern Art

“The agenda for museums in the twenty-first century” by Harold Skramstad is concentrated on the historical aspects of the museums in the United States. He notices that museums were the great success of the American public education on the nineteenth century. During the twenty century museums stayed the important part of cultural landscape, and nowadays the concept of museums as the form of education is in demand. However, the social opinion considers museum as a passive and informal kind of…

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Modern Technology Today

With the advent of more modern technology today, and the expansion of corporate markets, commercial transactions between industries grow by the day. As commerce, in its basic sense, pertains to the trading of something of economic value, be it goods or services, information, and most of all, money, it is required of an individual to know how to analyze the economic systems that guide every transaction and endeavor related to commerce. As an empowered individual, my enthusiasm and desire for…

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Modern Racism

An Asian friend once had experienced racism while he was out in a fast food restaurant in the city. He shared how he was the third person in line at the time, but when it was his turn to order his food, the food attendant, who was a 20-something white man, simply blew him off and serviced the person next in line to him. He said that his attempts to plead his right to order fell to deaf ears for…

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An Artwork of Modern Realism

Edward Hopper’s painting called ‘Portrait of Orleans’ pictures the town of Orleans back in 1950. The painting shows the point of intersection of a town road at daytime, with the viewer standing a little to the right in the middle part of the road. There are buildings on the further right side of the viewer, and a section of foreboding trees on the left side, which extends to the further end and curves backward to the right, straight to the…

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