Labour Essays

Sweatshops Are Immoral

The vast majority of Americans are shocked by reports of brutal conditions in overseas factories. The U.S. itself has a proud practice of unions and human rights groups that work to prevent such abuses like child labor, refusal to pay overtime pay, exposure to poisonous chemicals, and unsafe working environments. Every day, people from other countries come to America for a chance to work hard in return for better treatment, higher paying jobs than the jobs they can find in…

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Dignity of Labour

Dignity of Labour: “Shouldn’t an honest and descent job be enough? ” “Work is work”; no work is superior or lower in itself. It is absolutely wrong to consider any work as high or low. The work itself is a dignity and every work has some dignity attached to it. The meaning of dignity of labour every kind of work is dignified. It also implies that dignity can be achieved only by hard work. All types of jobs are respected…

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International Workplace Relations

Any institution or organization is defined by the kind of labour and workplace relations it has. Workplace relations which describe how the management addresses its employees and their interests may cause an organization to succeed or fail as they determine whether the organization will be able to meet its goals and vision. This is because the human resource of an organization is one of its crucial investments. When the management is not careful with the way it relates to its…

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Scientific Management Outdated

In todays modern era of business, with its exploding technological advances, easier access to materials and a much more skilled and specialized labor force the ideology behind using scientific management is fast becoming as dated a method as the industries that still heavily rely upon its principles to function efficiently. Considering that the fundamental principles of scientific management consist of breaking down manufacturing into its constituent parts allowing unskilled, simple minded, untrained workers to do any one of the multiple…

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Induction of Labour

Labour is characterized by uterine contractions that in return create physical changes to the cervix such as dilation and effacement in preparation for delivery of a baby. Labour induction, though sometimes confused with labour augmentation, refers to the process of artificially initiating labour in cases where labour has not began naturally or when life threatening health risk(s) have been diagnosed. Labour augmentation, on the other hand, refers to the process of artificially accelerating labour in cases where the labour process…

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Why Organizations Should Implement Flexible Work Hours

In today’s fast-paced competitive world, flexible work arrangements are a key component to ensure employee commitment. Flexible work arrangements ensure that employers have a flexible work force i.e. there is availability of sufficient labor to meet the workload at all times. Transforming practices in the work place so that it suits employee needs better, is extremely crucial in ensuring employee satisfaction and commitment. Flexible work hours, telecommuting, compressed work weeks etc. are examples of flexible work arrangements. We would be…

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The Significance of the Post War Settlement

After World War 2, the extent to which participating countries had lost acted as an eye opener. What these countries expected never came to be. Having fought in war 1, and then war 2, most resources were running towards depletion and worst of all masses of people lost lives, economies, weakened, infrastructure destroyed and industrial development totally demerited. Post war era was the start to a new world order mainly to be characterized by peace, potency, mutuality and prosperity. After…

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How Internal and External Forces Affect Organizational Behavior

Analyze how internal and External Forces Affect Organizational Behavior Examples of Internal and External Forces Include the Following: Competition: Some Chief Executive Officers when trying to build a high performance work culture will use a strategy that pits one employee against another employee to form a competition between the two. Methods such as these may entice employees to work harder, but sometimes these tactics will backfire and undermine employee cooperation. In-house internal competition does sound logical to many managers, employ…

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Wal Mart_ But We do Give Them a 10 Percent Employee Discount

In this case study, Stanwick & Stanwick (2009) give the reader a synopsis into the allegations and ethical issues which the giant retailer Wal-Mart has been facing since the end of the twentieth century. Wal-Mart is being accused of asking their employees to work off-the-clock and not paying them for this work, for not paying its employees overtime when it was the case, for discriminating against women, for not offering affordable health insurance to its employees, for being anti-union, for…

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Peter Kolchin’s _american Slavery_ Origins and Consolidation_

Peter Kolchin’s book entitled, “American Slavery: Origins and Consolidation” discusses the problems and the evolution of slavery in the United States of America. The opening sentence of his first chapter is indeed quite interesting. According to him, Americans have this wrong perception that the U.S. is “conceived with liberty” because the reality is that, the so-called “New world” tolerates slavery. Kolchin believes that African slaves, more importantly, should not be treated by the Americans as inferior individuals but rather be…

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The Labor Movement in the 1920’s

As a correction to the wartime effort, inflation and unemployment increased because there was not a need to mass-produce products for war, and America had to return to “normalcy”. The amount of labor unrest increased during this time period, which is very obvious by the increase of labor strikes. There was a strike by the United States Steel Corporation workers in 1919. They were annoyed with their seven 12 hour workdays a week. The leader of the American Federation of…

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Social Class Is Still the Determinant of Voting Behaviour

‘Social class is still the main determinant of voting behaviour.’ Discuss. In some ways, this statement is correct, however, as society is evolving this is becoming less and less apparent. The change in voting behaviour based on classes started to change between 1945 and the 1980s, where the class de-alignment occurred. This was the decline in the relationship between social class and voting. After World War II, the distinctions between the classes became less important as the country had fought…

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Impact of Employee Retention

Griffeth & Hom (2001) have argued that employee turnover is assuming crisis proportions for many employers who struggle to retain people in the tightest labour market. Griffeth & Hom (2001, Pg 1) 52% of companies report that their turnover is increasing and quit rates are running high of 1.1% a month.” Turnover can be a real problem in many organisations. Companies spend a great deal of time and money recruiting and training employees and the cost of replacing staff members…

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A Critical Response to the Editorial _productive Labour_

“A Productive Labour” is an editorial written by Roger Martin and James Milway. This tackles on the topic of productivity – what it is, what it does, and just how important it is for a country’s economy and living. The essay’s main point can be seen in its secondary title, which states that “the only limit to productivity growth is human ingenuity.” The article’s strength lies in this statement, and supported by the many reasons the authors discussed afterwards. Although…

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Work in Health Care Administration

The health care field is one of constant growth and change.  As the face of health care changes, through privatization, the influence of HMOs, and individuals with doctorates of nursing practice challenging medical doctors in some fields of care, the health care profession can be a volatile place indeed.  That volatility not only increases the number of opportunities open to the health care professional, but it also makes the health care industry an exciting place to be in the upcoming…

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