Judge Essays

_12 Angry Men_ by Reginald Rose

When reading the play “12 angry men”, is it hard to ignore the prominent character- ‘the 8th Juror’. As the plot unfolds, the reader notices that Juror #8 is the only one among the 12 who really understands the seriousness of the situation at their hands. At the very beginning of the play, you can see that there is no sympathy towards the boy accused of murder. And why should it be? All the evidence that was brought up in…

Read >>

The Adversary System of Trial

Explain why the adversary system of trial is the best system for achieving justice in criminal trials? The adversary system of trial is the best system for achieving justice in criminal trials for a number of different reasons. The use of a jury, the standard of evidence relied upon and the standard of proof, the cross-examining of witnesses and the ability to plead guilty, contribute greatly to reaching justice in the adversary system. They are all reasons which help the…

Read >>

Should the Juvenile Court Be Abolished

I. Introduction The purpose of this paper will be to examine the juvenile court system and whether or not abolishing it is the practical thing to do. To start off with, I will give a brief history of what the juvenile court system consist of and what it was designed to do. Next I will go into both sides of the debate to determine whether or not to abolish the juvenile court system. We will first take a look at…

Read >>

Courtroom Workgroup

Prosecuting those who commit crimes is very important to the overall wellbeing of society and the citizens within society. Prosecuting and convicting criminals not only prevents them from committing another crime, it also serves as a deterrent to others that may be considering breaking the law. Many courts make up the judicial branch and these courts are responsible for applying laws made by the government. The courts are made up of courtroom workgroups that are the basis of the courts…

Read >>

Courtroom Work Group

During this paper I am going to be covering topics such as the courtroom work groups, the role of a prosecutor, the effects of the criminal justice funnel and the backlog of cases on the court system and the courtroom work group. Topics such as these are important to cover so that each individual has a complete understanding of the pros and cons of systems in the judicial system. What is a courtroom work group? “The professional courtroom actors, including…

Read >>

Sources of Irish Law

Constitution The 1937 Constitution, containing 50 articles, is the cornerstone of the Irish legal system. It lays down the rules that govern interactions between organs of the state and between the state and the individual. The legal system is based on common law tradition. It may be invoked by individuals to challenge the constitutionality of laws passed by the Oireachtas. Under the terms of Article 6 of the Constitution, sovereignty is vested in the Irish people. However the State is…

Read >>

The Role of Judges in Israel

Introduction             Judges during the settlement period in Israel had the role of military leader and also the role of tribal champion. The term judge in Hebrew, shaphat, encompasses a wide range of meanings. It does not only involve arbitration as would be understood by the English meaning of the word. The judge in the Israel tribes was responsible for the defense of what was right, removal of oppressors, punishment of offenders and restoring things to their right order as…

Read >>

Ring V. Arizona Case Brief

Facts of the case: On November 28, 1994, The body of an armored van driver was found dead inside the vehicle. Also, there was more than $800,000 missing from the van leading police to believe that this was a robbery and homicide case. There were no witnesses to the crime except a local bystander who stated that two vehicles, a van and a red truck were speeding down the road earlier that day and had neglected to stop at the…

Read >>

Judicial Precedent

Judicial Precedent is another important source of law, it is an independent source of law, where there are no legislations on the particular point in statute Books, and Judicial Precedent works great. Judicial precedent has been accepted as one of the important sources of law in most of the legal systems. It is also a continuous, growing source of law. According to Salmond, the doctrine of precedent has two meanings, namely (1) in a loose sense precedent includes merely reported…

Read >>

Stare Decisis

The doctrine of judicial precedent is based on stare decisis. That is the standing by of previous decisions. Once a point of law has been decided in a particular case, that law must be applied in all future cases containing the same material facts. For example in the case of Donoghue v Stevenson[1932] AC 562, (Case summary). The House of Lords held that a manufacturer owed a duty of care to the ultimate consumer of the product. This set a…

Read >>

Indonesian Civil Procedure

a.Executive Summary Indonesian is not the signatory of the Haque Convention. Indonesian Civil Procedure guidance is based on two regulations, which were adopted from the Dutch Colonial system, which are Herziene Inlandsch Reglement (HIR) and Rechtsreglement voor de Buitengewesten (RBg.). Furthermore, based on the Temporary Law to the Emergency Condition Law No. 1 of 1951 on the provisional considerations state that to those two regulations remained in force up to the new regulations in relation to the Civil Procedure Process…

Read >>

The Adversarial System

The system of criminal procedure primarily utilized in the United States is the adversarial system. The term adversary is easily interpreted to mean opposition. Our present criminal procedure pits two sides against each other to present their respective evidence and issues surrounding a criminal act. This paper will address the adversarial system and its expressed use in criminal court proceedings in the United States. Among the questions this paper will take into consideration are: Is the adversarial system the best…

Read >>

Cruzan V. Missouri

Twenty-five years old, Nancy Cruzan, was in an automobile accident on January 11, 1983. She was driving an old car, which lacked seat belts. Massive injuries resulted in her falling into an unconscious state, unresponsive to outside stimulation. Doctors estimated that Nancy’s brain had been without oxygen for at least fourteen minutes before she was found. A person who goes without oxygen for more than six minutes suffers brain damage that is beyond repair. She was placed on life-support equipment…

Read >>

Judicial Affidavit Rule_ Three Reforms to Speed Up Justice

To speed up the delivery of justice, three significant reforms were instituted recently: (1) the “Judicial Affidavit Rule,” (2) the filling up of all judicial vacancies, and (3) the stabilization of judicial compensation. Judicial affidavit. To ease case congestion and minimize delays in the trial courts, the Supreme Court promulgated on Sept. 4 (to take effect on Jan. 1, 2013) the Judicial Affidavit Rule. Under this new system sponsored by two high court committees headed by Justices Antonio T. Carpio…

Read >>

Roles and Functions of Judges

Judges There are two types of judges, superior judges and inferior judges in the UK. The superior judges are entitled to work in the higher courts such as, the court of Appeal, and the House of Lords. Whereas, inferior judges work in the lower courts in the hierarchy such as crown courts and supreme courts. Superior judges are called district judges and inferior judges are called circuit judges. District judges are full-time judges who deal with the majority of cases…

Read >>