Homer Essays

_the Iliad_ as Glorification of War

“The Iliad” is known to be one of the most famous Greek poems written by a blind poet Homer. The influence of the poem on the Roman, Greek and European cultures was considered great and enormous. The Iliad is dated circa 8th century BC, although now some scholars such as Martin West and Richard Seaford prefer to date it in the 6th-7th century BC. “The Iliad” tells about events taking place during the last year of Lion siege (about 10th…

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The Relationship Between Telemachus and Odysseus

Telemachus is often overshadowed by Odysseus many heroic deeds and conquests; while Telemachus attempts to be just like his father, he never earns the full respect of those close to him and is never seen as a true figure of power or authority in others eyes or even in his own. In Book 2, the suitors mock Telemachus for his weakness and indecisiveness. Eurymachus writes off the omen of the fighting eagles, voicing his belief that Telemachus (whom he refers…

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Arête (‘virtue’) Theme in Homer’s Iliad

Why was arête (‘virtue’) an important theme in Homer’s Iliad? Select two characters with which to make your points. Virtue or arête was an important quality in Homeric society and one which features very heavily in the Iliad. Arête is achieved by one’s actions, generally in battle and is a combination of qualities such as courage, honour (‘time’) and sacrifice.([good] Homeric heroes possessed these qualities and they were recognised by the audience of the epics.( Outwardly, the heroes of the…

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Similarities and Differences Between Odysseus and Theseus

In The Odyssey, the act of heroism and storytelling plays a significant role in portraying the story of Odysseus. According to the standards of the Greek society, The Odyssey depicts a different aspect of a hero in which an older, more established man already starts off as a hero, but must regain his dignity after falling into a crevice of turbulent times . When pieced together, each aspect that is told becomes part of a whole however, each with a…

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Trojan War

Trojan War, in Greek legend, famous war waged by the Greeks against the city of Troy. The tradition is believed to reflect a real war between the Greeks of the late Mycenaean period and the inhabitants of the Troad, or Troas, in Anatolia, part of present-day Turkey. Modern archaeological excavations have shown that Troy was destroyed by fire sometime between 1230 bc and 1180 bc, and that the war may have resulted from the desire either to plunder the wealthy…

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Explication of _siren Song_ by Margaret Atwood

Margaret Atwood’s “Siren Song” is a lyric that consists of nine three-lined stanzas that neither possess any recognizable rhyme scheme nor rhythm. The speaker of this poem is a mythical creature, a Siren, who addresses us, the audience, when she speaks of the victims whom she lured through the enticing song she sings. The overall tone of this poem is sarcastic and quite sinister. The title itself immediately depicts the theme and speaker of the poem. The whole poem is…

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_o Brother Where Art Thou_ Odyssey

The Odyssey, is a legendary tale written by David Adams Leeming. This epic tells the story of a wise man named Odysseus who struggled to return back to his homeland, Ithaca, after the fall of Troy. In comparison to the text, the movie “O Brother Where Art Thou,” has a similar plot and is based on The Odyssey. In the movie, Ulysses Everett McGill is the main character played by George Clooney. Everett and Odysseus both encounter different struggles in…

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_beowulf_, _the Odyssey_ and Other Related Epics

An epic is best described by the Merriam-Webster Dictionary as a long narrative poem in elevated style recounting the deeds of a legendary or historical hero. Epics like “Beowulf” and “The Odyssey” are perfect examples of this definition; they are each centered on the deeds and triumphs of their heroes, Beowulf and Odysseus. All epics are similar in a way that they are made up of elements. One major element of the epic is its themes. In all epics, the…

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Helen of Troy Fact Vs. Fiction

Together, in the spur of the moment, they ran. The walls they enclosed themselves in, along with all of Troy, protected them as the ships launched and war erupted. Helen of Troy’s story of love and deceit inspired authors, such as Homer and Tisias, to write about the war caused by one woman and her act of betrayal towards her husband. As history goes and passes, questions arise as to whom exactly was Helen of Troy, and was she even…

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The Shield of Memory_ an Analysis of Achilles’ Shield in the Iliad

The construction of Achilles’ shield may be considered as one of the most fascinating sections of the Iliad. Within this section, Homer suspends the unfolding of the characters’ fate as he describes the decoration of Achilles’ shield. For Achilles, Hephaestus forges a shield containing the scenes of everyday life. Such a scene comprises his vision of the earthly life, which Achilles forsakes in order to avenge Patroclus’ death. The shield thereby stands in contrast to the other Homeric shields in…

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Homer’s Epic Poem _the Odyssey_

In Homer’s epic poem, “The Odyssey,” the protagonist, Odysseus, has spent ten years fighting in the Trojan War. Due to the gods’ anger against Odysseus, he is destined to have a very long and difficult journey home. Odysseus proves to be brave because he overcomes both external and internal conflicts on this long journey home. The external conflicts that Odysseus overcomes show that he is highly courageous. For example, the episode with the Cyclops proves he is clever because he…

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Exile in the Odyssey

In antiquity, the civilized world was settled around the Mediterranean Basin – the foundations of Western society can be traced to Hellenic Greece, which bordered the Aegean Sea. For the Greeks, the sea was the realm of the gods. In The Odyssey by Homer, Odysseus and he crew face many trials and tribulations that isolate and ameliorate them to teach the reader that the consequences of temptation must be conquered with absolute perseverance. When Odysseus and his crew arrive on…

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Leadership Qualities of Odysseus Throughout the Book

Throughout the Odyssey, the lead character, Odysseus, is presented as the ideal Greek leader. He demonstrates this through the treatment of his men and how he deals with problems that are presented to him. Because the Odyssey was first a spoken myth, it took on the shape of the society in which it was told. Including that society’s moral and ethical values, as well as its desires in the traits of a leader. A leader must first be defined, then…

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_the Iliad_ by Homer

Thesis Statement The role of the Gods in relation to people. Introduction Throughout The Iliad, Homer offers us a glimpse into the lifestyles of the ancient Greeks and their beliefs.  They are a very spiritual and in many ways superstitious people.  The main thing to note throughout The Iliad is the interaction between the gods and the humans.  Any way one looks at the situation, they can immediately see that humans are mere pawns to the gods in their game…

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Recklessness in the Odyssey

Odysseus’ overdeveloped pride and arrogance led him to act recklessly in Book Nine of the Odyssey. This caused unfortunate scenarios for both Odysseus and his men. Odysseus had a lot of pride. This is shown when he states that he is “known to the world” and that his fame “has reached the skies” – book 9 line 21-22This is the pride that he has of his name, which leads to his questionable judgment. He regarded as a great hero and…

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