French Revolution Essays

World Civilizations

How could rational thought and technological development have affected the world’s development in the modern age and the development to where we are today? The Purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how rational thought and technological advancement was the driving force behind the Modern Age. The reader will have some understanding as to how rational thought opened up minds to a new way of thinking that would lead the way for individuals to question society, religion, and government. This…

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What Does It Mean to Be Free

“O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave!” When Francis Scott Key wrote these closing lyrics to our national anthem in 1814, he clearly understood what it meant to be free. But do we know what freedom really means? Webster’s dictionary defines freedom as a state in which somebody is able to act and live as he or she chooses, without being subject to any undue restraints or restrictions. When the founding fathers wrote the Declaration…

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Bread Riots as a Cause of the French Revolution

Thomas Paine’s Rights of Man banned; Paine condemned in absentia (he is in France) for high treason. The British government, headed by Prime Minister Pitt, begins to arrest anyone publishing anything criticizing the government. William Godwin publishes Political Justice, a huge philosophical tract that argues Paine’s case from a theoretical point of view. Godwin is not imprisoned largely because his book’s price (forty times the price of Paine’s) means it is not read by the wrong people. Wordsworth writes the…

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Marie Antoinette_ Letter to Her Mother 1773

1. How would you describe what this document is? What was its purpose? What function did it serve? Marie Antoinette, as a letter, wrote this piece of literature to her mother. It was written in 1773, and since Marie was born in 1755, this would make her the age of 18, or the prime of her youth. The letter shows the excitement of a young queen-to-be showing her appreciation…first, of the letters that she received from her mother and secondly,…

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The Impacts of Catherine the Great

In accessing the actual “greatness” attributed to Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia during the European Enlightenment, one must look at all aspects of her rule. Her outgoing personality left her to be described as anything from “terrible” to “great”. She could be deceptive yet honest, humorous yet firm, and light-hearted yet wise. Thus the Enlightenment would not have been a part of Russian history if not for the determination of Catherine the Great. Catherine the Great’s exceptional character and…

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Comparing American and French Revolution

The American and French Revolution are the two most important revolutions to ever happen in history. Both revolutions began due to the common people need to obtain independence and liberty from an oppressive government. The American Revolution was first started the American colonists who wanted financial independence from Great Britain. The French Revolution was a struggle to gain social equality among the masses. Though both revolutions are glorious, they have different and similar characteristics among them. The American and French…

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The Reign of Terror

The Reign of Terror, also known just as “The Terror”, was a brief period of time in the French Revolution full of complete disaster and bloodshed. Over 20,000 people were “officially” executed, while many died in jail, due to many causes, mainly consisting of an organization (Mythyloke; Britannica.com). On September 5th of 1793, the Revolutionary Government of France decided to make ” Terror” the order of the day and to take severe actions against those suspected of being enemies: “It…

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Revolution in France from 1789 to 1792

In 1789, France was under a revolution. It was ruled by absolute monarchy for centuries. Unfairness between Estates started to frustrate the people at the bottom of France. The French government was 4000 million livers in debt (Christopher Hibbert 1980 p.14). Besides the partial blames that Louis XVI deserved, the situation was quite out of his control. There were many other reasons that lead to this revolution and every single problem was connected with each other. The most important short…

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The Guillotion

The guillotin was a fast falling blade that extinguished life instantly. It was improved by Dr. Joseph Guillotin so that criminals can be wronged for their doings. Robespierre did not actually use the guillotin, but advocated the use of it. Robespierre quoted “Liberty cannot be secured, “Robespierre cried”, unless criminals lose their heads(225). “Maximilian Robespierre (1758—1794) did not have an easy childhood. Robespierre mother died when he was only 6 years old. Two years later, his father abandoned his family….

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Napoleon Bonaparte Dbq

The ideals of the French Revolution were “Equality, Liberty, and Fraternity,” but the methods that were used to fulfill these goals were complicated. During the Reign of Terror, about 40,000 people were guillotined because of Maximilien Robespierre. He thought that “Liberty could not be secured unless criminals lose their heads”. Napoleon Bonaparte, a Revolutionary hero, seized control of the government in France in 1799, he was looking to bring peace to the French people by ending the Revolution. For this…

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Olympe De Gouges and the French Revolution

Advocating feminism nearly 200 years before it emerged as a mainstream movement in the West, Olympe de Gouge may appear to us way ahead of her times. Yet by no means was she so. Her idea of equality of men and women could be seen as very much a product of Enlightenment in so far as they conform to the norms dictated by reason. However, the age-old prejudice against women was so deeply entrenched in the minds of her contemporaries…

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History Questions and Answers on France

1.How far did Napoleon Bonaparte maintain the ideals of the French Revolution during the period 1799–1815? The key issue is the relationship between Napoleon Bonaparte and the French Revolution. ‘How far’ invites candidates to consider the extent and limits of the claim that he maintained revolutionary ideals. These ideals can be summarised quickly as ‘liberty, equality and fraternity’. The Revolution had sought greater equalisation between classes, the rule of law and the end of secular and religious privilege. The focus…

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Summary – Causes of French Revolution

1. International: struggle for hegemony and Empire outstrips the fiscal resources of the state 2. Political conflict: conflict between the Monarchy and the nobility over the “reform” of the tax system led to paralysis and bankruptcy. 3. The Enlightenment: impulse for reform intensifies political conflicts; reinforces traditional aristocratic constitutionalism, one variant of which was laid out in Montequieu’sSpirit of the Laws; introduces new notions of good government, the most radical being popular sovereignty, as in Rousseau’s Social Contract [1762]; the…

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Time Travel_ if I Could Travel Back in Time

If i could travel back in time i would learn as much as i can. I would go to my child hood, important dates in history, and try to find important political dates in history as well. and try to find where did my family came from. I could enter a time machine, I would love to be able to go back in time when I was a child. Taking the knowledge I have now from the life lessons I…

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Ap French Revolution

The Crisis of the French Monarchy 1. Problem of debt- during this time the French monarchy was deeply in debt after the seven years war. Because France lost a majority of their colonies with the addition of a fragile economic system because of their lack of faith in banks it fell to the Royal government to tap into their own finances to solve the problem The Monarchy seeks new taxes 2. Parlement and Parlements- there was a standoff between numerous…

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