Egoism Essays

To Be or not to Be_ a Discussion on Egoism

Egoism can either be descriptive or normative. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy defines Psychological egoism, the most famous descriptive position, that each person has one but ultimate aim — his own welfare. Ethical egoism on the other hand, claims that is necessary and sufficient for an action to be morally right that it maximizes one’s self-interest. Many times over, the concept of Psychological egoism has been criticized for faulty ideas such as the works by Feinberg. Likewise, Bruce Hauptli supplemented…

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Psychological and Ethical Egoism

Egoism is a general term for the acknowledgement of human self-interest as a basis of action. There are several proponents of this theory. Basically it is a philosophical notion that was popularized by Hobbes. Whatever action that an individual would take is pursuant of his/her own self. This theory has famously been separated into two types. The first one is ethical egoism and the second is called psychological egoism. Ethical egoism talks about morality as the basis of action in…

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Egoism and Utilitarianism

Egoism focuses on what would make a person happy regardless of the actions one takes in order to fulfill desires of heart. It refers to the ability of considering oneself first, and others later. A person strives to achieve what she/he feels that will make her/him better-off without putting in mind the effects of personal actions on others. Egoists do things to only please themselves and not others. Moral value is determined on what is done rather than the consequences…

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The Three Teleological Frameworks and the Three Deontological Frameworks

List and discuss in depth the three teleological frameworks and the three deontological frameworks. What are the advantages and disadvantages of each? Of these six frameworks, with which one do you most associate? Teleological frameworks focus in the results of the conduct of the individual is favorable or not. The three teleological frameworks are ethical egoism, utilitarianism, Sidgwick’s dualism. “Ethical egoism is based on the belief that every individual should act in a way to promote himself or herself if…

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James Rachels and Psychological Egoism

Psychological Egoism pertains to the doctrine where the object of all human actions is for the attainment of their self-interests. It occurs even in a situation wherein the acting agent seems to do a particular thing for the benefit of other people because it the very idea that he has able to do good for others may bring satisfaction to him. Psychological Egoism tends to create a bad characterization on the nature of man. It appears that man, in its…

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Theories of Ethical and Pshchological Egoism

Many feel that human nature drives people to deny all forms of altruism and the desire to help others; while an equal amount feels that it is the duty of every human to help others at all costs.  Because there is no way to really decide such a subjective argument, it seems personal preference is the best way to dictate such action.  The alternatives to such altruistic action are egoism, as described through ethical and psychological egoism. These options counter…

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Ethical and Psychological Egoism

Egoism is the theory suggesting that the motivation and goal of a particular action is the self. Egoism in a general context has two variants, normative and descriptive. The concept of the descriptive variant suggests that egoism as a factual description of human affairs and cannot be described any other way (Moseley, 2006). The normative side gives a conception that individuals should be motivated, without consideration to their current state of motivation (Moseley, 2006). The two variants conflict in principle…

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Helping Others

One day on the way home from work, I was driving on the freeway. I passed a car that had broken down and was sitting on the side of the road. There was a lady and her two littlechildren that were stranded. It was hot outside and I stopped to see if I could help. I gave them a ride to their house, made sure that they would be ok and then I left. I never saw them again. I…

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