Corazon Aquino Essays

Death Penalty in Philippines

During Spanish colonial rule, the most common method of executions were shooting by the firing squad (especially for treason/military crimes, usually reserved for independence fighters) and garrotte (a notable case would be the Gomburza). A prominent example is the country’s national hero, Jose Rizal, who was executed by firing squad on the morning of December 30, 1896. In 1926, the electric chair was introduced, by the United States colonial government. This made the Philippines the only country besides the United…

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Cory Aquino

María Corazón Sumulong “Cory” Cojuangco Aquino was born on January 25, 1933, in Paniqui, Tarlac, María Corazón “Cory” Sumulong Cojuangco was the fourth child of José Cojuangco, Sr. and Demetria Sumulong. Her siblings were Pedro, Josephine, Teresita, Jose, Jr. and Maria Paz. Both Aquino’s parents came from prominent clans. Her father was a prominent Tarlac businessman and politician, and her great-grandfather, Melecio Cojuangco, was a member of the historic Malolos Congress. Her mother, Demetria, belonged to the Sumulong family of…

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Mv Doña Paz

Vessel The Doña Paz was built in 1963 by Onomichi Zosen of Onomichi, Hiroshima, Japan, and was originally named Himeyuri Maru.[3] During the time it plied Japanese waters, it had a passenger capacity of 608 people.[4] In 1975, it was sold to Sulpicio Lines, a Filipino operator of a fleet of passenger ferries. It was renamed by Sulpicio Lines as the Don Sulpicio, and later, the Doña Paz.[4] One month before the accident, the vessel had undergone drydocking.[5] At the…

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Beyond Conspiracy

In 1983, Ninoy Aquino affirmed his resolute claim, “The Filipino is worth dying for,” by giving up his life for his countrymen. In time, they responded in similarly heroic kind, “Ninoy, hindi ka nag-iisa”—and, led by his widow, Cory, achieved the political apotheosis needed for Ninoy’s assassination to be transformed into martyrdom. But, 25 years later, can the now liberated Filipino also resolutely aver, “Ninoy, hindi ka namin nakakalimutan”? The youth, especially, generally have only a vague notion of what…

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A Critique Paper

President Aquino on Monday, July 22, 2013 delivered his fourth State of the Nation Address (SONA). They said that it was Pnoy’s longest SONA so far but has been applauded less frequently compared to last year. The President began his SONA by recalling how he started, nearly four years ago, a group of influencial people persuaded him to run in the 2010 presidential elections just when her mother died, promising him that while serious problems chase the country and assured…

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An Educational Article for the 21st Century

Australian Ambassador to the Philippines Bill Tweddell and Philippine education officials opened recently the Assessment, Curriculum and Technology Research Centre (ACTRC). Located at the University of the Philippines (UP) College of Education building in Diliman, Quezon City, the facility will focus on research in support of the Philippines’ implementation of the K to 12 program, which is covered by a law recently signed by President Aquino. Tweddell, Education Secretary Armin Luistro, Commission on Higher Education Commissioner Cynthia Bautista, UP president…

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Agrarian Reform

The Philippines has a long history of democratic constitutional development. The Malolos Constitution of 1898-99 reflected the aspirations of educated Filipinos to create a polity as enlightened as any in the world (see The Malolos Constitution and the Treaty of Paris , ch. 1). That first constitution was modeled on those of France, Belgium, and some of the South American republics. Powers were divided, but the legislature was supreme. A bill of rights guaranteed individual liberties. The church was separated…

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The Political Economy of Corruption

Roumasset 1. Introduction Corruption, according to Rose-Ackerman (1996, p. 365), “occurs when officials use their positions of public trust for private gain.” It is “an extralegal institution used by individuals or groups to gain influence over the bureaucracy” (Leff, 1964, p. 8). That is, corruption involves transactions, typically between private parties and public officials, designed to manipulate the machinery of government. It may be of the permission-seeking type (quotas, licenses, permits, passports, and visas), the enforcement avoiding type (tax evasion,…

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