Calvin Essays

C4 and Cam Plants

Many plant species that evolved in hot, dry climates fix carbon through alternative pathways. Under hot and dry conditions, plants can rapidly lose water to the air through small pores called stomata. Stomata (singular, stoma), are usually located on the undersurface of the leaves. Plants can reduce water loss by partially closing their stomata when the air is hot and dry. Stomata are the major passageways through which CO2 enters and O2 leaves a plant. When a plant’s stomata are…

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