Blood Essays

Advanced Pathophysiology

If available lab results, I would like to see the resulted complete blood count with differential and complete metabolic profile. Possibly supplying the patient with supplemental oxygen if deemed so by her oximetry and perfusion status review. As such the following would be the initial assessment and treatment: Obtain vital signs: blood pressure, temperature, pulse, respiratory rate with auscultation, as well as pain scale rating Note her capillary refill time and skin color and turgor, especially around lips for color…

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Anatony Exam Questions

Chapter 19 Blood Specify the composition and functions of plasma. Plasma is mainly composed of water, electrolytes, and proteins, in particular, globulin and albumin. Its most important functions include the transport of carbon dioxide, oxygen, glucose, amino acids, and lipids, among others.  Describe the recycling system for aged or damaged red blood cells  Old or damaged red blood cells are recycled after certain macrophages called Kupfer cells consume them through phagocytosis. The hemoglobin portion of the red blood is broken…

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Lymphatic System

1.What is the significance of a lower-than-normal hematocrit? What is the effect of a bacterial infection on the hematocrit? A lower than normal hematocrit indicates anemia, a condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells provide oxygen to the body tissues. If you have a bacterial infection, your white blood cell count would increase because as the wbc’s are fighting off the infection they die off releasing a chemical into the blood…

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Morphology of the Heart

The heart is a muscular organ found in all animals with a circulatory system. The heart pumps blood throughout the blood vessels by contractions. Cardiac means “related to the heart”, and comes from the Greek. The vertebrate heart is made up of cardiac muscle, it’s an involuntary striated muscle tissue found only in this organ, and connective tissue. The male’s heart weighs 9-11 ounces, and the female’s heart weighs about 11-12 ounces. A person’s blood pressure has major effects on…

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Top 5 Killing Diseases

What causes cancer? Cancer is ultimately the result of cells that uncontrollably grow and do not die. Normal cells in the body follow an orderly path of growth, division, and death. Programmed cell death is called apoptosis, and when this process breaks down, cancer begins to form. Unlike regular cells, cancer cells do not experience programmatic death and instead continue to grow and divide. This leads to a mass of abnormal cells that grows out of control. How can cancer…

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Applications of Biochemistry

Blood is one of the most important fluids in the human body. It helps carry nutrients such as oxygen to the cells in the body and transports out wastes like carbon dioxide and other metabolites from these cells. Since blood is the medium through which the different organs and tissues in our body communicates, keeping a close eye on the constituents of a blood sample would provide a good indication of the functioning of the human body. Blood gas tests…

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The Spleen

Acting as a filter of blood and harmful organisms, as well as breaking down blood cells, the spleen carries many responsibilities in the human body. Located in the upper left side of the abdomen, next to the stomach, the spleen is neatly tucked in between the pancreas, stomach, and left kidney (Laparoscopic, 2013).The spleen is typically around 4 inches long and has a color scheme of purple-reddish. Although the size and weight vary according to age, the spleen is not…

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Homeostatic Balances

Homeostasis is maintaining an Internal Balance. If we fail to maintain an internal balance every system inside of our body will be disrupted. Hypertension To explain to a 65 year old man with an 8th grade education, that he has hypertension, I would begin explaining, in a manor I believe that he would understand, what hypertension is and how it can affect him. ‘Hypertension is when your blood pressure is high on a daily basis. Blood pressure is considered to…

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Surgical Quality Improvement

Through a review of blood utilization in the surgical units, the administrative manager of clinical operations for a large hospital noted what she believed to be a significant variation in the number of transfusion orders being placed per surgical case among the surgeons on staff. She brought the question to the surgical quality improvement committee, and the committee initiated a review of current standard practice for ordering transfusions within the surgical units of the hospital and also a review of…

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The Different Immunoglobulin Types

List the different immunoglobulin types and explain where they are found and what their functions are. IgM – found on B cell surfaces and functions as antigen receptor IgD – also found on B-cell surfaces and functions as antigen receptor IgA – antibodies that are secreted across mucus layer to prevent microbes from penetrating cell bodies IgE – defend body from parasites and binds to allergens to initiate destruction. IgG – funtions in neutralizing, opsonation, compliment activation, antibody dependent cell-mediated…

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Tell Me About Blood

1. Hematocrit is what measures the red blood cells in blood. Red blood cells are important for transporting iron and oxygen and for creating energy. If the red blood cell count is lower-than-normal it could indicate several diseases and problems within the body. It may be due to anemia, bleeding, destruction of red blood cells, leukemia, malnutrition, low iron, folate, vitamin B12 and vitamin B6 or overhydration. A bacterial infection causes white blood cells to increase, since they are the…

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The Mechanism of Breathing and Its Control

An essay on the mechanism of breathing and its control The basic mechanisms involved in inspiration and expiration are as follows; 1)Inspiration The contraction of the diaphragm and external intercostals muscles leading to an expansion of the lungs. This expansion means there is an increase in the volume of the thorax and a decrease in intrapulmonary pressure. A pressure gradient is therefore established from the atmosphere to alveoli, hence air being suck into the lower pressure in the lungs called…

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Clexane

Clexane (enoxaparin) will be the topic for my teaching plan. In the plan it will aim to explain how and why enoxaprin is administered and why it is needed. Clexane injection contains the active ingredient enoxaparin, which is a type of medicine called a low molecule weight heparin. It is a medicine that is used to treat blood clots, or stop clots from forming within the blood vessels, Enoxaparin is used to prevent and treat types of abnormal blood clots….

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High Blood Pressure

In this particular essay, I am going to attempt to inform you about the disease called high blood pressure. In this three to four page report I will discuss what causes it, how it can be treated and when you know it is too high. Hopefully, after reading this piece, you will be more aware of what high blood pressure is. To begin with, the disorder or disease that I will be doing my report on is High blood pressure;…

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Factor Affecting Pulse Rate

Our heart is a muscle. It’s located a little to the left of the middle of our chest, and it’s about the size of our fist. There are lots of muscles all over our body — in our arms, in our legs, in our back etc. But the heart muscle is special because of what it does. The heart sends blood around our body. The blood provides our body with the oxygen and nutrients it needs. It also carries away…

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