Ancient Essays

The Role of the Spartan Education System

The Spartiate was considered a fierce and brutal warrior, excellent in physique, un-yielding in dedication, unmatched in combat, and constantly wiling to die for Sparta. This ideal warrior was created almost forcefully through the “physical, social and moral education” system, the agoge. Spartan education began soon after birth, where babies were inspected by Ephors and cast onto the slopes of Mt Taygetus if the Spartan health standards were not met. Boys were raised by their mothers until the age of…

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Amy Chua’s _day of Empire_

Compare and contrast “Pax Romana”, “The Great Mongol Peace”, “Pax Britannica”, and “Pax Americana”. In studying Amy Chua’s “Day of Empire”, one finds a lot more similarities than differences shared among the great empires. Tolerance is a common theme that repeats itself over and over, and along with assimilation, unity, and acceptance, it is the glue that holds together these hyperpowers. But the path to the golden times of peace and glory and the strategic use of tolerance differs in…

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Cultural Achievements of the Italian Renaissance

Humanism was a key movement in the Renaissance and had a major influence on the cultural changes and achievements. Humanists studied history; they were particularly interested in Ancient Greek and Roman civilisation, and classical works, as well as in contemporary history and politics. Although the Humanists were Catholic, their ideas were more secular – “learning emerged from the cloister… to rejoin the human mainstream.” The humanist ideas soon spread into the classroom. Previously, learning had been ecclesiastical – theocracy and…

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The Great Pyramid of Giza

The greatest accomplishment of all the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World does not need a description by early historians and poets. It does not require conjectures regarding its appearance, size, and shape. This wonder is the oldest of them all and the only surviving one. This great wonder of the ancient world is the Great Pyramid of Giza. The Great Pyramid of Giza is located on the outskirts of today, Cairo, Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile…

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The Effects of Roman Imperialism

There were many consequences of Roman Imperialism, which affected both the Romans and conquered peoples, positively and negatively. Although the Romans gained a variety of resources from new lands, they also had to deal with the problem of controlling a vast empire, which made it difficult to govern effectively. People of conquered lands were heavily taxed, but they also received protection from the Roman military, as their land was now Roman land. One of the primary concerns of the Romans…

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Modern Greece 5 Themes of Geography

Absolute Location of Greece: The absolute location of Greece is located at 39oN, 22oE because that’s where its capital, Athens, is located. Relative Location of Greece: South of Macedonia, West of Turkey This is a picture of Modern Greece that shows the coordinates of Greece. This picture relates to the theme location because it shows the absolute location of Greece which is the coordinates of Athens which is the capital of Greece and absolute location always shows the coordinates of…

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Death and Afterlife in Ancient Egypt

Throughout the ancient world, it was commonly believed that individuals survived in some form after death. From earliest times, people laid out and drink for dead relatives and performed rituals on their behalf. In many places, people shared communal meals with the dead. These practices were meant to ensure the well-being of the deceased and also to soothe the spirits of the dead and to protect the living from their displeasure (Taylor). The great exception to common ancient beliefs about…

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Mark Antony_ Loyal Friend or Cunning Politician

Mark Antony was a cunning, strong-willed, and loyal Roman. He was a devoted friend to Caesar. He looked at life as a game in which he had a significant part to play, and played that part with excellent refinement and skill. Antony was a devoted follower of Julius Caesar. Because he was a good friend, he was willing to be second hand to Caesar, the new king. Whilst Caesar would become the king, the most valuable but least powerful piece…

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_the Medea_ by Euripides and _the Aeneid_ by Virgil

In The Medea by Euripides and The Aeneid by Virgil the characters of Medea and Dido respond to desertion by their husbands, the individual they love most, in the form of a quarrel. Both characters go on to attempt to alleviate their pain via revenge. Their judgments and actions are impaired by each woman’s great eros and amor. Euripides and Virgil illustrate their vision of passion and love through the effects of Medea and Dido’s actions under the influence of…

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_theseus and the Minotaur_ by Antoine Louis Barye

The idea of Theseus fighting the Minotaur was a popular neo-classical subject among sculptors. Although, Antoine-Louis Barye (1796-1875) finished his sculpture about 1850 that is in the late part of what is meant by neo-classicism, Barye’s modelling of the surfaces has a vibrancy and movement characteristic of the French romantic sculpture. Barye is well-known for his animal production and Theseus and the Minotaur is only one of a series produced by Barye from the early 1830s onwards. The sculpture reproduces…

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Ancient Greek and Ancient Egyptian Art Compared

Egyptian art comes from the paintings the Egyptians created in the tombs of rich people when they died. These pictures were supposed to help the dead person out when he or she reached the next world, where the Egyptians thought you lived after you died in this world. At first, carvers had a hard time painting the pictures but in about 2160 B.C. they started taking short cuts and made their work sloppier. Greek art was much different from the…

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Contributions of Ancient Greece and Rome to the Western World

While both Roman and Greek cultures greatly influenced Western Civilization, Greeks contributed more to the western world than the Romans. The Greeks used their own ideas and thought of new ways to add to their culture, while the Romans mostly mixed and matched ideas from other civilizations and cultures to make their own. The Romans took up the inheritance of the Greeks adapted it to their own language and national traditions. (Grant 2)The Greeks introduced many new ideas and traditions,…

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Pericles Funeral Speech and Jefferson Declaration of Independence

September 11, 2001, two planes crash into the World Trade Center, people diving out windows to their deaths, a plane crashes into the Pentagon, hijackers overtaken by passengers and crash the plane into a field in Pennsylvania. December 2003, mass graves uncovered in Iraq, compliments of Saddam Husayn. May, 2004, a web page shows terrorists cutting off the head of Nick Berg. August 2004, over 350 children are executed by terrorists in a school in Russia. Democracy is being threatened…

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Sparta_ Historically Unique

Throughout history the world has seen very few powers that have been quite as unique as the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta. Very few city-states of ancient Greece were able to rival the Spartan people. Their unique government, social structure, and way of life made them a viable force in the ancient world. It is for these reasons that Sparta has gone down in history as one of the most uniquely structured powers in world history, one that is observed…

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Ancient Greek Contributions to Western Civilization

The ancient Greeks contributed much to Western civilization. Their achievements in art, philosophy, history, and science shaped the growth of Western civilization. Many of these cultural aspects began with Greece’s Golden Age. The Greek’s Golden Age was a time of peace and cultural prosperity, and it was the time from which most of Greece’s contributions to Western civilization originated. Democracy, myths, and the Olympics all began with the ancient Greeks. Among the many aspects of Greek culture that have influenced…

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