Critical Analysis of Pharm.d in India Essay

SUMMARY

Critical Analysis of Pharm.D. in India: Exploring the Way Ahead

INTRODUCTION:

Pharmacy education in India was mainly focused on pharmaceutical science courses rather than clinical/pharmacotherapeutic courses until 2008, when Pharm.D. was introduced and began to be offered in India, to focus towards clinical and community aspects. The study was conducted to analyse the current scenario of Pharm.D. in India and look at possible issues & options.

OBJECTIVE:

The main objective of the study is to find out the current status of Pharm.D. from students’ perspective and to identify the need of Pharm.D. as a part of Pharmacy Education System in India. Addressing the possible shortcomings and give probable suggestions to improve the scope of the same.

EXPERIMENTAL METHOD:

The study comprises of an extensive secondary research and also a primary research to understand the current scenario of Pharm.D. from students’ point of view. A literature survey was done to study the introduction and status of Pharm.D. curriculum in India and the achievement of Pharm.D. in western countries. Various journals and publications from the database engines of Ebsco, Emerald & Google Scholar were studied and referred to analyse the evolution and future of Pharm.D.

Also, a primary research was conducted in Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Karnataka. The selection of survey location (MCOPS) was done on the basis of a combined list from ‘India’s Best Pharma Colleges’ (Careers 360 July 2011 Edition) and ‘Institutes offering Pharm.D. and Pharm.D. (Post Baccalaureate) Courses’ (Published by Pharmacy Council of India).

A questionnaire was made on a 5 point Likert Scale and circulated online amongst the students of MCOPS. The responses were analysed by using the online softwares of Survey Monkey survey portal.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS:

Out of 130 respondents to the survey, a total of 109(83.83%) respondents said that the curriculum of Pharm.D in India is justifiable for healthcare sector and 97 (74.61%) said that the internship of Pharm.D students meets the requirements of the hospitals/Clinical Research Organisation. 24 responses (18.46%) opposed the opinion of providing the prescribing rights to the Pharm.D. graduates and 69(37.69%) voiced that such a right, if provided, will not be accepted by the doctor community. Figure 1 is indicative of the above stated data.

FIGURE 1

Closed ended questions were put to investigate the probable reason(s) for Pharm.D. lagging in India from the west. 115 responders (n=130) said that the Pharm.D. graduates will not be accepted by the Doctors’ Community. 112 responders said that the exposure to clinical pharmacy was less and 117 were pessimistic about the awareness on pharmacy profession in India.

Read also  Pharmacy as a Career

The interpretation of the survey results shows that one of the probable reasons of selection of Pharm.D. course by students was the alluring tag of a ‘Doctor’. However, the critical analyses lead to a consensus of lack of required clinical exposure and knowledge of the field of diagnosis and therapeutics. If the Pharm.D. program can incorporate a few alterations in the curriculum and develop a practice-based academic unit bridging the pharmacy practice with academia, there is great hope for the Pharm.D. program in India.

CONCLUSION:

The findings of the survey revealed that the exposure of the Pharm.D. students to the clinical and diagnostic aspect of the therapeutic system needs to be increased. Efforts need to be put in to increase the awareness of Pharm.D., and also the Pharmacy profession in India on the whole.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

1. Subal C Basak, Dondeti Sathyanarayana. Pharmacy Education in India. Am J Pharm Educ. 2010 May 12; 74(4): 68. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2879119/ (Accessed on-September 8, 2012) 2. Patil JS, Kulkarni RV, Marapur SC, Dalavi VV. Introducing Pharm.D. Programme in India: A Need of the Day. Indian J. of Pharm. Pract. 2(3), Jul-Sep, 2009. Available from: http://www.ijopp.org/pdf/ijopp_vol_2_3_Jul-Sep2009.pdf#page=13 (Accessed on-September 5, 2012) 3. Claire Anderson, Billy Futter. Pharm.D. or Needs Based Education: Which Comes First?. Am J Pharm Educ. 2009 August 28; 73(5): 92. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2739075/ (Accessed on-September 12, 2012)

More Essays

  • Pharmacy

    This is funny to admit at this stage of my pre-registration year, but I do not fully understand the role of a pharmacist. Those of you who read my blogs may be thinking – "why? " Surely after four years at university and four months of pre-registration training I should understand the role of the...

  • Statement of Purpose Pharmaceutics

    Striving for betterment and improvement has been my motto in all aspects of my life, and the same applies even to my academic career. Pursuit of knowledge has always been my obsession and the propelling force behind all my achievements. My personal paradigm was the reason and conviction behind my decision...

  • Pharm D Admission

    The Doctor of Pharmacy Program is a professional degree program which offers education on the practice of pharmacy. Moreover, it also allows for other employment because of its wide range of course studies. In lieu with this, I would like to apply for the said program not only to gain knowledge on clinical...

  • Medicine and Skilled Care Pharmacy

    I. Statement of the problem How can Skilled Care Pharmacy improve their strategy from the rapidly evolving financial structure of health care, constant evolution of medical practice, employee retention and shortage of licensed pharmacy personnel? II. Objectives * To retain employees. * To identify ways...

  • Pharm D Admission

    The Doctor of Pharmacy Program or the Pharm D Program's main objective is to seek individuals who have the will to provide and promote excellent patient-care through the renderings of a well-backed up philosophies and theories on pharmaceutical care. I believe that I am ONE of those individuals WHO WILL...

  • The Reason for Choosing Pharmacy as a Profession

    I belong to a family of traditional physicians in Hong Kong. As the eldest son in my family, it is certain that I will inherit this traditional medical practice. Our neighborhood has very few medical facilities available and consequently, there has always been a steady stream of ailing persons, visiting our...

  • Professional Knowledge and Abilities

    The AAPT also known as the American of Pharmacy Technicians was founded in 1979. The AAPT is an international non-profit organization that is dedicated to improve the delivery of pharmaceutical services, which includes exchange, development, and dissemination of information. All educational requirements are...

  • Pharmacy as a Profession

    My observation made me acknowledge that pharmacy is a profession that is concerned with the provision of health services to the members of the society. These services are always administered basing on the perspective of the therapy of drugs. The pharmacy health care professionals normally deal with the...

  • Pharmacy Practice

    Pharmacy profession is involved in dispensing medication and health care products to address the needs of the society and of the individual patient. With this, a pharmacist or a practitioner is directly responsible to the health care of their patients; therefore, his/her action can be either detrimental or...

  • Pharmacy School

    Ever since my childhood days, helping other people with the best possible way I could is really within my interest. Hence, extending my effort to the most effectual manner in helping the people is something that I really enjoy to do. In light of this, I have decided and chosen to pursue a career that is...

Read also  Business Entities